This book focuses on International migration among the Chinese long before European colonists set foot on the Asian continent. It reveals why the Chinese moved across sea and land, seasonally or permanently, to other parts of Asia and the rest of the world to pursue economic opportunities and alternative means of livelihood. Emigration from China ebbed after World War II, but has surged again as China implemented its open-door policy in December 1978. Since then, massive waves of Chinese migrations have pushed onto the shores of all continents of the globe with little sign of slowing down, giving rise to new Chinese migrant communities in both traditional and contemporary migrant-receiving countries. This volume addresses the new Chinese diasporas around the world, offering a snapshot of the cosmopolitan and shifting nature of Chinese population dynamics from the perspectives of anthropologists, geographers, historians, sociologists, and scholars of international studies.