Methods For Monitoring Tiger And Prey Populations

  • K. Ullas Karanth
  • James D. Nichols

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvii
  2. K. Ullas Karanth, James D. Nichols, John M. Goodrich, G. Viswanatha Reddy, Vinod B. Mathur, Hariyo T. Wibisono et al.
    Pages 1-13
  3. K. Ullas Karanth, John M. Goodrich, Dale G. Miquelle, Krishnamurthy Ramesh, Abishek Harihar, Anak Pattanavibool et al.
    Pages 15-34
  4. James D. Nichols, K. Ullas Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Mohan Delampady
    Pages 35-46
  5. James D. Nichols, Varun R. Goswami, Ravishankar Parameshwaran, Soumen Dey, K. Ullas Karanth
    Pages 47-70
  6. N. Samba Kumar, Mahi Puri, Dale G. Miquelle, Anak Pattanavibool, Abishek Harihar, Sunarto Sunarto et al.
    Pages 71-87
  7. Samantha Strindberg, N. Samba Kumar, Len Thomas, Varun R. Goswami
    Pages 89-120
  8. N. Samba Kumar, Abishek Harihar, Hannah J. O’Kelly, Anak Pattanavibool
    Pages 121-136
  9. Robert M. Dorazio, N. Samba Kumar, J. Andrew Royle, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy
    Pages 137-162
  10. J. Andrew Royle, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Robert M. Dorazio, James D. Nichols, Devcharan Jathanna, Ravishankar Parameshwaran et al.
    Pages 163-189
  11. K. Ullas Karanth, James D. Nichols, Abishek Harihar, Dale G. Miquelle, N. Samba Kumar, Robert M. Dorazio
    Pages 191-224
  12. Samrat Mondol, Uma Ramakrishnan, Olutolani Smith, Devcharan Jathanna
    Pages 225-246
  13. Robert M. Dorazio, Mohan Delampady, Soumen Dey, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy
    Pages 247-254
  14. Divya Vasudev, James D. Nichols, Uma Ramakrishnan, Krishnamurthy Ramesh, Srinivas Vaidyanathan
    Pages 255-288
  15. James D. Nichols, K. Ullas Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, G. Viswanatha Reddy, John M. Goodrich, Dale G. Miquelle
    Pages 289-303

About this book


This book addresses issues of monitoring populations of tigers, ungulate prey species and habitat occupancy, with relevance to similar assessments of large mammal species and general biodiversity. It covers issues of rigorous sampling, modeling, estimation and adaptive management of animal populations using cutting-edge tools, such as camera-traps, genetic identification and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), applied under the modern statistical approach of Bayesian and likelihood-based inference. Of special focus here are animal survey data derived for use under spatial capture-recapture, occupancy, distance sampling, mixture-modeling and connectivity analysees. Because tigers are an icons of global conservation, in last five decades,enormous amounts of commitment and resources have been invested by tiger range countries and the conservation community for saving wild tigers. However, status of the big cat remains precarious. Rigorous monitoring of surviving wild tiger populations continues to be essential for both understanding and recovering wild tigers. However, many tiger monitoring programs lack the necessary rigor to generate the reliable results. While the deployment of technologies, analyses, computing power and human-resource investments in tiger monitoring have greatly progressed in the last couple of decades, a full comprehension of their correct deployment has not kept pace in practice. In this volume, Dr. Ullas Karanth and Dr. James Nichols, world leaders in tiger biology and quantitative ecology, respectively, address this key challenge. The have collaborated with an extraordinary array of 30 scientists with expertise in a range of necessary disciplines - biology and ecology of tigers, prey and habitats; advanced statistical theory and practice; computation and programming; practical field-sampling methods that employ technologies as varied as camera traps, genetic analyses and geographic information systems. The book is a 'tour de force' of cutting-edge methodologies for assessing not just tigers but also other predators and their prey. The 14 chapters here are lucidly presented in a coherent sequence to provide tiger-specific answers to fundamental questions in animal population assessment: why monitor, what to monitor and how to monitor. While highlighting robust methods, the authors also clearly point out those that are in use, but unreliable. The managerial dimension of tiger conservation described here, the task of  matching monitoring objectives with skills and resources to integrate tiger conservation under an adaptive framework, also renders this volume useful to wildlife scientists as well as conservationists.


Adaptive Management Conservation Population sampling Statistical modeling Tigers

Editors and affiliations

  • K. Ullas Karanth
    • 1
  • James D. Nichols
    • 2
  1. 1.Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)New YorkUSA
  2. 2.CroftonUSA

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