© 2018

Ergonomics in Caring for People

Proceedings of the International Conference on Humanizing Work and Work Environment 2015

  • Gaur G. Ray
  • Rauf Iqbal
  • Anindya K. Ganguli
  • Vivek Khanzode
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Biomechanics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Devika Vipin Vaidya, Rauf Iqbal, Archana Bhatnagar
      Pages 3-8
    3. Arundhati Guha Thakurta, Rauf Iqbal, H. V. Bhasin, Amitabha De, Vivek Khanzode, Shreya Maulik
      Pages 9-15
  3. Musculo Skeletal Disorders

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-17
    2. W. Mishra, Amitabha De, Rauf Iqbal, Vivek Khanzode, S. Gangopadhyay, A. M. Chandra
      Pages 19-25
    3. Tejashree A. Dabholkar, Sujata Yardi, Ajit Dabholkar
      Pages 43-47
  4. Health and Safety

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 71-71
    2. Chatterjee Sandipan, Chatterjee Ayan, Chatterjee Surjani, Santra Tanaya, Mondal Prosun, Banerjee Neepa et al.
      Pages 83-90
    3. Akhila Krishnakumar, Tejashree A. Dabholkar, Ajit Dabholkar
      Pages 91-96
    4. P. Patel, Rauf Iqbal, H. Bhasin, A. Bhatnagar, M. K. Chauhan
      Pages 97-103
    5. Mohit Gaur, M. Muzammil, Abid Ali Khan
      Pages 105-109
  5. Occupational Ergonomics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 111-111

About these proceedings


This volume comprises the proceedings of the International Conference on Humanizing Work and Work Environment organized by the Indian Society of Ergonomics. The book presents research findings on different areas of ergonomics for developing appropriate tools and work environment considering capabilities and limitations of working people for maximum effectiveness on their performance. The volume is divided into several sections focusing on different ergonomic research activities currently being undertaken at both national and international levels. Considering the high diversity among researchers contributing to this volume, it should prove to be a valuable collection of different approaches that contemporary researchers are adopting on the theme of caring for the people and humanizing work and work environment.



Ergonomics Usability of Design Product Design Occupational Health and Safety Human performance HWWE 2015

Editors and affiliations

  • Gaur G. Ray
    • 1
  • Rauf Iqbal
    • 2
  • Anindya K. Ganguli
    • 3
  • Vivek Khanzode
    • 4
  1. 1.Industrial Design CentreIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE)Vihar Lake, MumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.KolkataIndia
  4. 4.National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE)Vihar Lake, MumbaiIndia

About the editors

Professor Gaur G. Ray is currently appointed as the Ramkrishna Bajaj Chair Professor of the Industrial Design Centre (IDC) at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB). He recently got superannuated and been offered the ‘Professor Emeritus Fellowship’ Position by IITB from July, 2017. He was also the Head of the Department from 2009 to 2013 and responsible as the Head of the Ergonomics program of the institute. His past roles includes being appointed as Visiting Faculty at the Department of Engineering Design, Tufts University, USA, Department of Human Work Sciences, Lulea University of Technology, Sweden, and several other Universities. He was the founder member and served as the Honorary President of the Indian Society of Ergonomics for about ten years and also was the Chairperson of the Ergonomics Section (PG 15), Bureau of Indian Standard, for nine years. Professor Gaur G. Ray has also been involved in a number of international relations development projects including research collaborations between the Industrial Design Centre (IDC) at IITB and the Institute of Ergonomics (IAD) at TU Darmstadt in Germany and other Universities. His major activities are in the areas on application of ergonomics in product development, for the people at the bottom of the pyramid, agriculture sector, geriatric population, automotive industry and design for the special people.  He has published more than 30 papers in International Journals, Presented more than 130 papers in different national  and International conferences, completed more that 15 funded project by DST, MHRD, AICTE and other organisations, completed more than 8 major consultation projects starting from vehicle design, workstation design, low cost agricultural tools design, etc.  He recently completed the entire driver’s cabin design, layout, control panel organisation, and chair design for Mumbai Railway Vikas Limited.  He has been awarded “J.N.Maitra” Gold Medal in the year 1998 by the Physiological Society of India for contribution in Indian Ergonomics. He was invited as Keynote Speaker by the International Ergonomics Association in 2015 at Melbourne. He has also received several best paper awards in the International and International conferences. In the year 2014 he received the Ramkrishna Bajaj Chair Professor Fellowship Award from IITB for three years.  Professor Ray has guided seven Ph.Ds, more than 20 M.Des projects, and several M.Tech and M.Sc. projects. He has published two books, edited 2 conference proceedings, and obtained three National patents. He has applied for one International patent in the area of product design. Prof. Ray is attached with several International and National Publishers as a referee. He is also member of the International Development Standing Committee of the International Ergonomics Association. The Concept of creating HWWE platform in India is his brain child and the first HWWE conference was hosted at IDC, IITB, in the year 2001 under his secretariat.


Dr. Rauf Iqbal, Associate Professor – Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering, Prof. In-Charge-Ergonomics Laboratory, Coordinator-Mind to Market Centre, National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE). His academic qualification is M.Sc. in Ergonomics & Work Physiology (Topper, Gold Medalist, Calcutta University) and Ph.D. His area of expertise is Ergonomics & Human Factors Engineering and Work system design. He has published 39 papers in International and National Journals including book chapter. He has presented 57 papers in International and national conferences. Five scholars have been awarded P.hD. and five more are currently pursuing their P.hD under the guidance of Prof. Rauf Iqbal.  He is the paper reviewer of i)‘Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation’, published by Roessingh Research and Development, Netherlands. ii) ‘Journal of Sports Sciences’, published by Taylor and Francis group on behalf of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, UK. iii) ‘Indian Journal of Biological Sciences’ published by Vidyasagar University, West Bengal and iv) International Journal of Health Science and wellbeing’, Nigeria. He is the member various national and international committees like, member of the Technical Committee for Prime Minister’s Shram Awards for the year 2015. Member of Tripartite Awards Committee of Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar (VRP) and National Safety Awards (NSA) by the Ministry of Labour and Employment, Govt. of India, since 2014; member of BRICSplus liaison Sub-Committee for collaborative work (training, research and conference) on ergonomics among BRICS countries; International Editorial Board member of Journal of Health and Safety at work, published by Tehran University Medical Journal publisher; member of Research Progress Committee, external expert and member of Internal Quality Assurance Cell of SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai etc.

He has Conducted 10 sponsored projects / National studies and more than 50 industrial consultancy studies in the area of Ergonomics, Work-study and manpower optimization. Recently he has been involved in “Redesigning the palanquin system for use in Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine”, funded by the office of the Principal Scientific Advisor to Govt. of India, New Delhi. He is involved in collaborative research and consultancy with various Industries and Institutes in the area of ergonomics, product and worksystem design. He has been organizing conferences and seminars at National and International level.


Dr. A.K.Ganguli was born and educated in Calcutta. After graduating from Presidency College, Calcutta, in 1975, he completed his post-graduate studies in Physiology (with specialisation in Work Physiology & Ergonomics) from Calcutta University in 1977, and undertook research in the Ergonomics Laboratory of the Dept. of Physiology, Calcutta University under the renowned Prof.R.N.Sen. In 1983, he joined the Occupational Health Service of the Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd., Tiruchirapalli, as the first ever in-house ergonomist in Indian industry, ultimately heading the Work Physiology & Ergonomics unit there. He grew with the organization in its Occupational Health and Safety journey till his retirement as a Senior Deputy General Manager in 2014. He is a Lead Assessor for the Occupational Health & Safety Management System Standard (OHSAS 18001), and Environment Management System Standard (ISO 14001), and has undertaken numerous ergonomics consultancy assignments in different industries. He is the Chairman of the Sectional Committee on Ergonomics Standards (PGD-15) of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). He served as faculty in Ergonomics for the M.E. (Industrial Safety Engineering) course at the National Institute of Technology (Formerly REC), Tiruchirappalli, and as visiting faculty for the M.Des. course at the Industrial Design Centre, I.I.T, Bombay. He has published thirty scientific papers, (including twelve in foreign journals), has contributed to four books. He has received the BEL-IND award for the Best Research Paper in Industrial Medicine, and the Sadagopan Memorial Oration award. Currently, he is a member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (USA), and the President of the Indian Society of Ergonomics.


Vivek Khanzode is Associate Professor at National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai. His academic credentials include Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from Walchand College of Engineering, Sangli, and MTech and PhD in Industrial Engineering from IIT Kharagpur. He has been recipient of Director’s Silver Medal at MTech program in IIT Kharagpur. He has 5½ years of industrial experience and 14 years of academic experience. He has helped various organizations including several small-scale units to improve productivity using industrial engineering tools and techniques. He regularly conducts niche training programs in the areas of industrial engineering, worksystem design, lean manufacturing, and industrial safety management for practitioners and academicians. He is also involved in collaborative research activities in these areas. Prof Khanzode has published 13 papers in international journals, and presented 23 papers in international and national conferences. One scholar has been awarded PhD under the guidance of Prof Khanzode and four more are pursuing doctoral research. Three of his papers are included in the ILO database of Hazard and Injury Risk Assessment. Currently he has been involved in redesigning the palanquin system for Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine, a NITIE-IIT Bombay joint project funded by the Office of the Principal Scientific Advisor, Govt. of India, New Delhi. Prof Khanzode teaches Operations Management, Lean Manufacturing, Simulation Modeling, Facilities and Layout Planning, and Worksystem Design in different postgraduate programs at NITIE.

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Consumer Packaged Goods
Materials & Steel
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Oil, Gas & Geosciences