© 2017

The Geographical Sciences During 1986—2015

From the Classics To the Frontiers


  • Utilizes Big Data of articles, projects and characteristics of time series for bibliometrics and NSFC analysis

  • Explains evolution of trends and driving factors in the Geographical Sciences in Multi-dimensional perspectives

  • Explores new research methods to improve the efficiency of data acquisition

  • Shares undocumented research and the basic data and enriches evaluation system of discipline development


Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-lii
  2. An Overview of Development in the Geographical Sciences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Shuying Leng, Wenxiang Zhang, Siyuan He, Canfei He, Desheng Xue, Linwang Yuan et al.
      Pages 3-15
    3. Shuying Leng, Zhonglu Guo, Siyuan He
      Pages 17-27
    4. Shuying Leng, Guoyou Zhang, Fengkui Qian, Siyuan He, Linwang Yuan, Zhaoyuan Yu et al.
      Pages 29-45
  3. Trends in the Development of the Four Branches of the Geographical Sciences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 47-47
    2. Shuying Leng, Hongyan Liu, Jiawu Zhang, Siyuan He, Xuan Ji, Linshan Liu et al.
      Pages 49-87
    3. Shuying Leng, Canfei He, Zhigang Li, Ying Wang, Fengkui Qian, Desheng Xue et al.
      Pages 89-125
    4. Shuying Leng, Liangfu Chen, Linwang Yuan, Xizhang Gao, Yongjun Zhang, Zhigang Liu et al.
      Pages 127-165
    5. Shuying Leng, Chunye Lin, Yi Yang, Zhonglu Guo, Yuanming Zheng, Linsheng Yang et al.
      Pages 167-202
  4. Strategic Research Issues on the Geographical Sciences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 203-203
    2. Shilong Piao, Hongyan Liu, Zehao Shen, Jian Peng, Yangjian Zhang, Shuli Niu et al.
      Pages 205-232
    3. Qiuhong Tang, Lei Wang, Shaofeng Jia, Dawen Yang, Si’ao Sun, Xingcai Liu et al.
      Pages 233-246
    4. Huiyi Zhu, Wei Song
      Pages 247-261
    5. Cunde Xiao, Lide Tian, Qingbai Wu, Dongqi Zhang, Tingjun Zhang, Tonghua Wu et al.
      Pages 263-279
    6. Canfei He, Debin Du, Xin Tong, Fenghua Pan, Xiyan Mao, Tianming Chen
      Pages 281-300
    7. Weidong Liu, Hui Liu, Li Ma, Tao Pan, Zhigao Liu, Mingxing Chen et al.
      Pages 301-321
    8. Liangfu Chen, Jin Chen, Guangjian Yan, Wenjie Fan, Xiaozhou Xin, Chaoyang Wu et al.
      Pages 323-338
    9. Tao Pei, Jun Xu, Jianhua Gong, Xiaoping Liu, Jianghao Wang, Shihong Du et al.
      Pages 339-366

About this book


In four chapters and an introduction, this book systematically helps readers understand the development of the Geographical Sciences both in China and in the world during the past 30 years. 

Through data analysis of methodologies including CiteSpace, TDA, qualitative analysis, questionnaires, data mining and mathematical statistics, the book explains the evolution of research topics and their driving factors in the Geographical Sciences and its four branches, namely Physical Geography, Human Geography, Geographical Information Science and Environmental Geography. It also identifies the role of the Geographical Sciences in the analysis of strategic issues such as global change and terrestrial ecosystems, terrestrial water cycle and water resources, land change, global cryosphere evolution and land surface processes on the Tibetan Plateau, economic globalization and local responses, regional sustainable development, remote sensing modelling and parameter inversion, spatial analysis and simulation, and tempo-spatial processes and modelling of environmental pollutants. It then discusses research development and inadequacy of Chinese Geographical Sciences in the above-mentioned topics, as well as in the fields including Geomorphology and Quaternary environmental change, Ecohydrology, ecosystem services, the urbanization process and mechanism, medical and health geography, international rivers and transboundary environment and resources, detection and attribution of changes in land surface sensitive components, and uncertainty of spatial information and spatial analysis. It shows that the NSFC has driven the development in all these topics and fields. In addition, the book summarises trends of the Geographical Sciences in China and the research level in major countries of the world through an overview of geographical education in colleges and universities, the analysis of publications, citations and author networks of SCI/SSCI and CSCD indexed articles, and the description of Sino-USA, Sino-UK and Sino-German cooperation.

This book serves as an important reference to anyone interested in geographical sciences and related fields.


Geographical Sciences Chinese Geographical Sciences geographical education in colleges and universities NSFC 1986-2015 Land surface global change and terrestrial ecosystems terrestrial water cycle and water resources land change cryosphere the Tibetan Plateau economic globalization sustainable development remote sensing modelling and parameter inversion uncertainty of spatial information and spatial analysis environmental pollution and health international rivers geomorphology and Quaternary environmental change

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.of ChinaNational Natural Science FoundationBeijingChina
  2. 2.Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Geography DepartmentNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.The Geographical Society of ChinaBeijingChina
  5. 5.College of Urban and Environmental ScienPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  6. 6.College of Urban and Environmental ScienPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  7. 7.Institute of Geographic Sciences and NatChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  8. 8.Institute of Geographic Sciences and NatChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  9. 9.Chinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina
  10. 10.Institute of Tibet Plateau ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  11. 11.College of Urban and Environmental ScienPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  12. 12.Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  13. 13.Institute of Remote Sensing and DigitalChinese Academy of SciencesChaoyang, BeijingChina
  14. 14.Chinese Academy of SciencesChina
  15. 15.National Natural Science Foundation of CBeijingChina
  16. 16.School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  17. 17.Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  18. 18.Beijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  19. 19.Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  20. 20.Sun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  21. 21.Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  22. 22.Institute of International Rivers and EcYunnan UniversityKunmingChina
  23. 23.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and GeograChinese Academy of SciencesUrumqiChina
  24. 24.Institute of Geographic Sciences and NatChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  25. 25.Tongji UniversityShanghaiChina

About the authors

LENG, Shuying, division head of geography, department of earth sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), also vice president of the 11th council of the Geographical Society of China.

She received a bachelor’s degree in Geography from Peking University in 1987, and a master’s degree and Ph.D from the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1990 and 2001, separately. She has published more than 60 research articles. Since 1999 when she engaged in project management in NSFC, Shuying has published 42 articles on the strategic research on the development of Chinese Geographical Sciences and project management as the first author. Up to November, 2015, her articles have been cited more than 980 times by CNKI (China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database)-indexed papers and downloaded more than 16 thousand times. She has proposed “Directions and Key Words of Geography and Related Fields of the National Natural Science Foundation of China”, which is now an important guidance for project application and peer review of NSFC geography projects. She has been recruited to the “National one million talents” project in 2013 and awarded the “National Middle-aged and Young Experts having Outstanding Contributions” by Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People’s Republic of China. In 2014, she was awarded “the Sixth National Excellent Science and Technology Workers”, by China Association for Science and Technology.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Geographical Sciences During 1986—2015
  • Book Subtitle From the Classics To the Frontiers
  • Authors Shuying Leng
    Xizhang Gao
    Tao Pei
    Guoyou Zhang
    Liangfu Chen
    Xi Chen
    Canfei He
    Daming He
    Xiaoyan Li
    Chunye Lin
    Hongyan Liu
    Weidong Liu
    Yihe Lü
    Shilong Piao
    Qiuhong Tang
    Fulu Tao
    Lide Tian
    Xiaohua Tong
    Cunde Xiao
    Desheng Xue
    Linsheng Yang
    Linwang Yuan
    Yuanming Zheng
    Huiyi Zhu
    Liping Zhu
  • Series Title Springer Geography
  • Series Abbreviated Title Springer Geography
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Commercial Press, Ltd. and Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science Earth and Environmental Science (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-981-10-1883-1
  • Softcover ISBN 978-981-10-9469-9
  • eBook ISBN 978-981-10-1884-8
  • Series ISSN 2194-315X
  • Series E-ISSN 2194-3168
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages LII, 596
  • Number of Illustrations 2 b/w illustrations, 209 illustrations in colour
  • Additional Information Jointly published with The Commercial Press,Ltd.,Beijing,2016
  • Topics Geography, general
    Environment, general
    Human Geography
    Climate Change/Climate Change Impacts
    Hydrology/Water Resources
  • Buy this book on publisher's site