Education in Bhutan

Culture, Schooling, and Gross National Happiness

  • Matthew J. Schuelka
  • T.W. Maxwell

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Matthew J. Schuelka, T. W. (Tom) Maxwell
    Pages 1-15
  3. Historical Perspectives

  4. Contemporary Issues

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 241-252

About this book


Bhutan is a country in the Himalayas with a relatively new education system and a unique governmental philosophy known as Gross National Happiness. This book explores the history, culture, challenges, and opportunities of schooling in Bhutan. It discusses topics including historical perspectives on Buddhist monastic education, the regional and international influence on educational development, traditional medical education, higher education, and the evolution of Bhutanese educational policy, to name but a few. It also investigates contemporary challenges to schooling in Bhutan such as adult education, inclusive education, early childhood education, rurality, and gender. Throughout the book, the developmental philosophy of Gross National Happiness is explored as a novel and culturally vital approach to education in Bhutan. The majority of the authors are prominent Bhutanese scholars and educational leaders, with select non-Bhutanese international scholars with strong links to Bhutan also contributing. This book is a valuable resource not only for those specifically interested in education in Bhutan, but for anyone with an interest in South Asian studies, general Asian studies, educational development, comparative education, Buddhist education, and the Gross National Happiness development philosophy.


Bhutan’s education system Buddism and education GNH Education Gross National Happiness education in Bhutan education in South Asia monastic education

Editors and affiliations

  • Matthew J. Schuelka
    • 1
  • T.W. Maxwell
    • 2
  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.School of EducationUniversity of New EnglandArmidaleAustralia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Education Education (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-981-10-1647-9
  • Online ISBN 978-981-10-1649-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1573-5397
  • Series Online ISSN 2214-9791
  • Buy this book on publisher's site