School Leadership, Citizenship Education and Politics in China

Experiences from Junior Secondary Schools in Shanghai

  • Shuqin Xu

Part of the Governance and Citizenship in Asia book series (GOCIA)

About this book


This book examines and theorizes the dynamics and complexities of leadership in citizenship education in junior secondary schools in Shanghai, China. Specifically, it examines from a macro- and micro-political theoretical perspective the interactions between principals and school party secretaries (SPSs), and how they respond to the demands of macro- and micro-political actors. This qualitative empirical research found four major school leadership/citizenship education scenarios in which principals and SPSs addressed the interests of different macro- and micro-political actors. Moreover, principals and SPSs enjoyed a complicated working relationship at the micro-political (school) level in which they collaborated to fulfill their responsibilities and respond to school macro- and micro-political actors, while competing for power over leadership in citizenship education. Principals’ and SPSs’ leadership in citizenship education was shaped by inter-related factors, including diverse influences in a multi-leveled world, the integration of politics and education, the demands of macro- and micro-political actors, and personal factors. To interpret these findings, this study proposes a theoretical framework for understanding leadership in citizenship education in China as a political exercise. This theoretical framework is useful for understanding the complexity of school and citizenship education leadership, the micro-political relationship between Chinese principals and SPSs, and their dynamic and complex interactions with macro- and micro-political actors.


China Educational Policies Citizenship Education in China Macro-politics in China Micro-politics in China School Leadership School Party Secretary School Principal Social Change in China

Authors and affiliations

  • Shuqin Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.Sun Yat-Sen UniversityHaizhu, GuangzhouChina

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Education Education (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-981-10-1641-7
  • Online ISBN 978-981-10-1643-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2365-6255
  • Series Online ISSN 2365-6263
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