© 2016

Economic Impacts of Intellectual Property-Conditioned Government Incentives

  • Dan Prud’homme
  • Hefa Song

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Dan Prud’homme, Hefa Song
    Pages 1-10
  3. Inter-country Comparative Analyses and Studies From the EU

  4. Studies of China

About this book


This book provides new insights into the economic impacts, strategic objectives and legal structures of an emerging branch of government incentives conditioned on meeting intellectual property-related requirements. Despite becoming more common in recent years, such incentives – ranging from patent fee subsidies and patent box tax deductions to inventor remuneration schemes – are still under researched. In-depth empirical studies from China and Europe of interest to scholars as well as policymakers and practitioners are presented. Readers benefit from the conceptual and practical insights as well as policy recommendations provided.


Competitiveness Government Incentives Industrial Policy Innovation Intellectual Property

Editors and affiliations

  • Dan Prud’homme
    • 1
  • Hefa Song
    • 2
  1. 1.IP Key projectEuropean Union Intellectual, Property OfficeBeijingChina
  2. 2.Chinese Academy of SciencesInstitute of Policy and ManagementBeijingChina

About the editors

Dan Prud’homme is a Technical Expert in the Beijing office of the “IP Key” Project implemented by the European Union Intellectual Property Office and supported by the European Patent Office. He is also a Research Collaborator at the GLORAD Center for Global R&D and Innovation at Tongji University, China, and Adjunct Lecturer in intellectual property management at the Sino-Danish Center at the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Dan’s research focuses on the intersecting economic, strategic management, and legal aspects of intellectual property and innovation, and resulting implications for policymakers and managers. Dan has served as a researcher at the Institute of Policy and Management of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, managed the IPR and R&D groups at the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China, and worked as a consultant at an international economics consultancy and two international law firms. He has published a book, and articles in international academic and practitioner journals, on intellectual property and innovation. 

Song Hefa is a Professor at the Institute of Policy and Management of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS IPM) and the Deputy Director of the Centre for IPR Research and Training of CAS IPM. Dr. Song received his PhD in Management Science and Engineering from the Graduate University of CAS, and Master’s in Public Administration from Tsinghua University. His research focuses on intellectual property rights and innovation policy. He has conducted numerous IPR and innovation policy research projects sponsored by the State Intellectual Property Office of China and Ministry of Science and Technology of China, and has provided numerous key policy recommendations to the central government. He became an accredited Chinese patent attorney in 1993 and has extensive experience advising well-known hi-tech companies, such as Huawei and Lenovo, on IP issues relating to software and communication technologies. He also designed the IPR training courses of CAS, and drafted IP policies for CAS including the Guideline for IPR Works of CAS, the Policy for the Professional Qualification Examination for IPR Management of CAS, and the Professional Qualification Examination outline for IPR specialists of CAS. 

Johannes Holzer is Head of the Government Section and former Head of the Utility Model and Topography Section of the German Patent and Trade Mark Office in Munich. In the Office he also leads the section on intellectual property law and state supervision of collecting societies. During his four-year-term in the Federal Ministry of Justice in Berlin, Johannes was a referee in the section of insolvency law and voluntary jurisdiction and a delegate in working groups of the UNCITRAL and other international organisations. Prior to that, he served thirteen years as a judge at several local and district courts and the High Court of Thuringia. Dr. Holzer studied law at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich and received his doctorate from the Humboldt University in Berlin. His scientific activities comprise authoring over 250 articles for handbooks, law commentaries and scientific journal articles mainly on national and international insolvency and economic law. As a private expert outside of DPMA, he has attended international conferences in the US, France and South Korea. He is a qualified insolvency and tax lawyer. 

Federico Munari is an Associate Professor of Technology and Innovation Management at the Department of Management of the University of Bologna. He has been the Director of the PhD Programme in General Management at the University of Bologna, and the Director of the Master in Management of IPR at the University of Bologna. Dr. Munari holds a PhD in Management from the University of Bologna, and has been a visiting scholar at the Sloan School of Management of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and visiting researcher at the Ecole des Mines de Paris and at Cass Business School of London. His research interests are in the fields of strategic management of intellectual property rights, valuation of patents and IPR, technology transfer, venture capital and entrepreneurial finance. He is the Co-Editor of the book The Economic Valuation of Patents. Methods and Applications (Edward Elgar). He has published several articles in international scientific journals, such as Research Policy, Journal of Business Venturing, and R&D Management. He coordinates, for the University of Bologna, the research and support project “Progress-TT” (“PROs Growing Europe through best practice Solutions for Technology Transfer”), funded by the European Commission, Horizon 2020 Programme.

Vinod Kalloe is the Head of International Tax Policy at KPMG EMA based in the Netherlands. Vinod has masters’ degrees in tax law and political science (University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands) and is a frequent speaker and moderator at international conferences on topics such as international tax developments, fiscal policy and European and ASEAN integration. He has published multiple articles on international taxation, pensions policy, financial sector taxation and research & development tax incentives. In his current capacity, Vinod is involved in a variety of international and EU projects. Before joining KPMG, Vinod was a senior policy adviser with the European Commission in Brussels (2004-2009) responsible for developing tax policy in the field of international direct taxation, specifically relating to tax incentives and fiscal state aid. Before the European Commission, Vinod was a senior policy adviser with the Dutch Ministry of Finance in the field of international and EU taxation (1998-2004) including a year secondment to the UK Treasury in London (2001).

Oliver Lutze is Chief Representative of Spruson & Ferguson (Asia) Shanghai. He advises on patent matters with a special focus on China activities. Oliver’s practice primarily involves providing advice in relation to global patent matters including validity and enforcement, patent drafting, patent strategy and infringement. Oliver has considerable experience in advising on patent matters in the field of life sciences, especially pharmaceuticals and chemistry, having worked in-house for Bayer as a Senior Patent Counsel for over 15 years. He also served as Head of IPR for Bayer Greater China and is a well-known expert on IP strategy and patent practice in China. Oliver chaired the Intellectual Property Working Group of the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China until September 2013. Dr. Lutze’s technical qualifications include a doctoral degree (Chemistry) from the University of Muenster, Germany, and a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. He is qualified as a European Patent Attorney and German Patent Attorney. 

Alan Garcia is Leader of the KPMG China Centre of Excellence for R&D Incentives, Asia Pacific Regional R&D Leader at KPMG, and a R&D Tax Partner at KPMG. Alan has 18 years of R&D consulting experience with the Big 4. He assists companies to understand and access R&D incentive programs around Asia, including in China, Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam, among other countries. Alan specializes in providing tailored knowledge transfer workshops and extensive analyses and processing of engineering and financial data – including understanding IP location issues, cross-charge/reimbursement across jurisdictions and associated financial risk. Among other services, he helps companies access appropriate funding opportunities, particularly for innovation, including commercialization of new technologies and/or projects that deliver environmental benefits. Alan holds a Bachelor of Laws; Bachelor of Arts; and is an Affiliate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants.

Cheryl Xiaoning Long is a Cheung Kong Scholar Professor and a member of China’s Review Group for the State Council’s Academic Degree Committee. Dr. Long obtained her PhD in Economics from Washington University in St. Louis in 2001 and taught at Colgate University between 2001 and 2011. In 2011, Professor Long joined the Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE) and the School of Economics at Xiamen University, where she became the Chair of the Department of Economics in 2013. Professor Long’s main research interests are in law and economics, economic analysis of institutions, and economic development. Her work has been published in international journals including the Journal of Law and Economics, Journal of Public Economics, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Comparative Economics, Economic Development and Cultural Change, World Development, and others, as well as  top Chinese journals such as the Economic Research Journal and Management World. She is also a co-author of the book Foreign Direct Investment in China: Winners and Losers, published by World Scientific. 

Liu Yun is a Professor at the School of Management and Economics and Director of the Research Center for Scientific Evaluation and Innovation Management at the Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT) in China. Since 2012, he served as the UNESCO Chair in South-South Cooperation for Science and Technology to Address the Climate Change. He is also the Chief Professor of Applied Economics at BIT. Dr. Liu has served as a consultant for Ministry of Science and Technology of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, the State of Intellectual Property Office of China, Ministry of Commerce of China, Ministry of Education of China, and served on the directorate of the Chinese Association for Science of Science and Science Policy, and on the Scientometrics Indicators Committee of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. 

Yafeng Zhang is a Researcher at the Institute of Policy and Management of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He focuses on the fields of intellectual property management, and intellectual property and economics. He has participated in several research projects commissioned by the State Intellectual Property Office of China and Beijing Intellectual Property Office, and published several papers.

Liu Haibo is a Professor at the Institute of Policy and Management of Chinese Academy of Sciences focusing on management of intellectual property, technology transfer and the policy process. He has published three books and has carried out over 30 research projects related to these fields. He advises the State Intellectual Property Office of China, Intellectual Property Office of the Beijing Municipal Government, Science and Technology Committee of the Beijing Municipal Government and several companies. He is also an active lecturer on IP management and technology transfer. Dr. Haibo Liu received his PhD degree from a joint government educational program between China and Japan in 1997. Afterwards, he conducted post-doctorate research at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences during 1997-1998, served as a STA Fellow research project in National Science and Technology Policy Institute of Japan (NISTEP) during 1999-2000, and was a Visiting Fellow at the Korea Institute for International Economy Policy (KIEP) during 2002-2003. 

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