How Black and Working Class Children Are Deprived of Basic Education in Canada

  • Authors
  • Bairu┬áSium

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Bairu Sium
      Pages 3-9
    3. Bairu Sium
      Pages 11-29
    4. Bairu Sium
      Pages 31-42
  3. Data Analysis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 43-43
    2. Bairu Sium
      Pages 45-63
    3. Bairu Sium
      Pages 81-103
    4. Bairu Sium
      Pages 105-131
    5. Bairu Sium
      Pages 133-146
  4. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 147-147
    2. Bairu Sium
      Pages 149-161
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 163-179

About this book


This book is the culmination of twenty-four years of research. It explores the thematic intersections of race, class, immigration, and the potential of building student-centered classrooms. Of course, the building of a truly student-centered is itself a slow and contested process. Over the years, progressive changes towards more inclusive education made by some governments were dismantled by others, and have left disadvantaged children where they were before the study was launched. In the meantime, the system has perfected the process of streaming minority children to dead-end courses that betray the social and economic mobility advertised to them. This book examines the moments and positions of educational betrayal in which racialized and working class students disproportionately find themselves. For many, at that point the only option is to drop out of school and engage in the drug trade or other lifestyles that put them at further risk. This is a longitudinal study of a kind with respect to reform and changes retained in education. It started with eight months observation of a split level grade five and six classroom in September 1986. That was instrumental in identifying the uphill battle that black, working class and new immigrant children and their parents were facing to secure the education they deserved. Through continued reviews, observation and follow up interviews change or lack of it was traced. The results call for urgent overhaul of the way education is provided to all children. The book ends with suggestions to effect change.


need remedial not special education

Bibliographic information