© 2017

European Russian Forests

Their Current State and Features of Their History

  • Olga V. Smirnova
  • Maxim V. Bobrovsky
  • Larisa G. Khanina

Part of the Plant and Vegetation book series (PAVE, volume 15)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. O. V. Smirnova, M. V. Bobrovsky, L. G. Khanina, I. S. Voskresensky, N. V. Zukert, S. S. Bykhovets et al.
    Pages 1-32
  3. O. V. Smirnova, M. V. Bobrovsky, L. G. Khanina, L. B. Zaugolnova, S. A. Turubanova, P. V. Potapov et al.
    Pages 33-57
  4. O. V. Smirnova, M. V. Bobrovsky, L. G. Khanina, L. B. Zaugolnova, V. N. Korotkov, A. A. Aleynikov et al.
    Pages 59-203
  5. O. V. Smirnova, M. V. Bobrovsky, L. G. Khanina, L. B. Zaugolnova, A. I. Shirokov, D. L. Lugovaya et al.
    Pages 205-332
  6. O. V. Smirnova, M. V. Bobrovsky, L. G. Khanina, T. Yu. Braslavskaya, E. A. Starodubtseva, O. I. Evstigneev et al.
    Pages 333-476
  7. T. Yu. Braslavskaya
    Pages 477-507
  8. P. V. Potapov, S. A. Turubanova, A. Yu. Tyukavina, A. M. Krylov
    Pages 509-513
  9. O. V. Smirnova, V. N. Kalyakin, S. A. Turubanova, M. V. Bobrovsky, L. G. Khanina
    Pages 515-536
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 537-564

About this book


The book describes the European Russian forests located in the Russian Plain and surrounding areas covering Eastern Karelia, the Kola Peninsula, the Northern, Central and Southern Russian provinces together with the Western Slope of the Ural Mountains. These forests comprise half of the total forested area in Europe and differ from the latter in their naturalness and the absence of intensive forest management in most of the area. The book describes the forests of the boreal, hemiboreal and nemoral forest regions; floodplain forests are also characterized according to their climatic regions. The book presents a classification and description of forest vegetation, soil characteristic and assessments of plant diversity and successional status of forest plant communities. Structure and composition of vegetation in early- and late-successional forests are analyzed with emphasis on forests in State Nature reserves. Features of the historical land-use, such as slash-and-burn, forest cutting, grazing, influence of fires on forest ecosystems, etc. are discussed for each forest region. The book is based on long-term investigations of the vegetation and soil, identifying and analysing forest tracts least disturbed by man, and on studying forest history at local and regional scales. Successional series of plant communities formed after typical anthropogenic impacts have been identified and a hypothesis on the potential forest landscapes and the main causes of their transformations is presented. The book contains an analysis of the general dynamics of the forest cover in European Russia during the last two decades based on satellite image processing. The history of forest landscapes in European Russia is briefly reviewed and it is shown that the main stages of transformation of the European Russian forests in the Holocene were related to the development of the production economy of people.


Forest classification Forest succession Plant species diversity of forests Land-use history Old-growth forests

Editors and affiliations

  • Olga V. Smirnova
    • 1
  • Maxim V. Bobrovsky
    • 2
  • Larisa G. Khanina
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Forest Ecology and ProductivityRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Physico-Chemical and Biological Problems in Soil ScienceRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Mathematical Problems of Biology RAS - Branch of the M.V. Keldysh Institute of Applied MathematicsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title European Russian Forests
  • Book Subtitle Their Current State and Features of Their History
  • Editors Olga V. Smirnova
    Maxim V. Bobrovsky
    Larisa G. Khanina
  • Series Title Plant and Vegetation
  • Series Abbreviated Title Plant,Vegetation
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences Biomedical and Life Sciences (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-94-024-1171-3
  • Softcover ISBN 978-94-024-1635-0
  • eBook ISBN 978-94-024-1172-0
  • Series ISSN 1875-1318
  • Series E-ISSN 1875-1326
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XIV, 564
  • Number of Illustrations 80 b/w illustrations, 119 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Forestry
  • Buy this book on publisher's site