Higher Education in the BRICS Countries

Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society

  • Simon Schwartzman
  • Rómulo Pinheiro
  • Pundy Pillay

Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 44)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Simon Schwartzman, Rómulo Pinheiro, Pundy Pillay
    Pages 1-10
  3. Thematic Summaries

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. Simon Schwartzman
      Pages 13-41
    3. Rómulo Pinheiro
      Pages 43-57
  4. Supply and Demand

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 71-71
    2. Clarissa Eckert B. Neves
      Pages 73-96
    3. Isak Froumin, Yaroslav Kouzminov
      Pages 97-123
    4. Yuzhuo Cai, Fengqiao Yan
      Pages 149-169
    5. Kirti Menon
      Pages 171-190
  5. The Role of Stakeholders

  6. Government Policy

  7. Research and Innovation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 377-377
    2. Creso M. Sá, Andrew Kretz, Kristjan Sigurdson
      Pages 379-398
    3. Radhika Gorur, Fazal Rizvi
      Pages 423-438
    4. Pundy Pillay
      Pages 463-485
    5. Rómulo Pinheiro, Simon Schwartzman, Pundy Pillay
      Pages 487-492

About this book


In spite of the increasing attention attributed to the rise in prominence of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries, few studies have looked at the ways in which broader social expectations with respect to the role of higher education across the BRICS have changed, or not, in recent years. Our point of departure is that, contrary to the conventional wisdom focusing on functionalistic perspectives, higher education systems are not just designed by governments to fulfill certain functions, but have a tendency for evolving in a rather unpredictable fashion as a result of the complex interplay between a number of internal and external factors. In reality, national higher education systems develop and change according to a complex process that encompasses the expectations of governmental agencies, markets, the aspirations of the population for the benefits of education, the specific institutional traditions and cultures of higher education institutions, and, increasingly so, the interests and strategies of the private firms entering and offering services in the higher education market. This basically means that it is of outmost importance to move away from conceiving of "universities" or "higher education" as single, monolithic actors or sector. One way of doing this is by investigating a selected number of distinct, but nonetheless interrelated factors or drivers, which, taken together, help determine the nature and scope of the social compact between higher education (its core actors and institutions) and society at large (government, industry, local communities, professional associations).


BRICS Benefits of education Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa Institutional traditions and cultures Pact between higher education and society Role of higher education across the BRICS

Editors and affiliations

  • Simon Schwartzman
    • 1
  • Rómulo Pinheiro
    • 2
  • Pundy Pillay
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Studies on Labor & SocietyRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationUniversity of OsloKristiansand S.Norway
  3. 3.University of Witwatersrand Grad. School of Public & DevelopmentJohannesburgSouth Africa

Bibliographic information

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