SYNER-G: Systemic Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of Complex Urban, Utility, Lifeline Systems and Critical Facilities

Methodology and Applications

  • K. Pitilakis
  • P. Franchin
  • B. Khazai
  • H. Wenzel

Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 31)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. Kyriazis Pitilakis, Paolo Franchin
    Pages 1-21
  3. Graeme Weatherill, Simona Esposito, Iunio Iervolino, Paolo Franchin, Francesco Cavalieri
    Pages 57-88
  4. Bijan Khazai, James E. Daniell, Şebnem Düzgün, Tina Kunz-Plapp, Friedemann Wenzel
    Pages 89-130
  5. Hormoz Modaressi, Nicolas Desramaut, Pierre Gehl
    Pages 131-184
  6. Kyriazis Pitilakis, Sotiris Argyroudis
    Pages 185-198
  7. Sotiris Argyroudis, Jacopo Selva, Kalliopi Kakderi, Kyriazis Pitilakis
    Pages 199-240
  8. Helmut Wenzel, David Schäfer, Anna Bosi
    Pages 241-282
  9. Simona Esposito, Iunio Iervolino
    Pages 283-299
  10. Francesco Cavalieri, Paolo Franchin, Paolo Emilio Pinto
    Pages 301-330
  11. Alessio Lupoi, Francesco Cavalieri, Paolo Franchin
    Pages 331-346
  12. Kalliopi Kakderi, Jacopo Selva, Kyriazis Pitilakis
    Pages 347-368
  13. Kyriazis Pitilakis, Bijan Khazai
    Pages 369-377
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 379-384

About this book


SYNER-G, a multidisciplinary effort funded by the European Union, allowed the development of an innovative methodological framework for the assessment of physical as well as socio-economic seismic vulnerability and risk at urban and regional level. The results of SYNER-G are presented in two books both published by Springer, the present and a second one, entitled “SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk: Buildings, Lifelines, Transportation Networks and Critical Facilities”(*), which provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art of the fragility curves, an alternative way to express physical vulnerability of elements at risk.

In this second volume of SYNER-G, the focus has been on presenting a unified holistic methodology for assessing vulnerability at systems level considering interactions between elements at risk (physical and non-physical) and between different systems. The proposed methodology and tool encompasses in an integrated fashion all aspects in the chain, from hazard to the vulnerability assessment of components and systems and to the socio-economic impacts of an earthquake, accounting for most relevant uncertainties within an efficient quantitative simulation scheme. It systematically integrates the most advanced fragility functions to assess the vulnerability of physical assets for buildings, utility systems, transportation networks and complex infrastructures such as harbours and hospitals. The increasing impact due to interactions  between different components and systems is treated in a comprehensive way, providing specifications for each network and infrastructure. The proposed socio-economic model integrates social vulnerability into the physical systems modelling approaches providing to decision makers with a dynamic platform to capture post disaster emergency issues like shelter demand and health impact decisions. Application examples at city and regional scale have provided the necessary validation of the methodology and are also included in the book.

The present volume, with its companion volume on fragility functions, represent a significant step forward in the seismic vulnerability and risk assessment of complex interacting urban and regional systems and infrastructures. These volumes are not only of interest to scientists and engineers but also to the insurance industry, decision makers and practitioners in the sector of civil protection and seismic risk management.

 (*) Pitilakis K, Crowley E, Kaynia A (eds) (2014) SYNER-G: Typology definition and fragility functions for physical elements at seismic risk, Series: Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering 27, ISBN 978-94-007-7872-6, Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht.


Buildings Lifelines Social Losses Systemic Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Uncertainties

Editors and affiliations

  • K. Pitilakis
    • 1
  • P. Franchin
    • 2
  • B. Khazai
    • 3
  • H. Wenzel
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringAristotle UniversityThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Department of Structural and Geotechnical EngineeringSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  3. 3.Geophysical InstituteKarlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  4. 4.VCE - Vienna Consulting EngineersViennaAustria

Bibliographic information

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