The Earth's Hydrological Cycle

  • Lennart Bengtsson
  • R.-M. Bonnet
  • M. Calisto
  • G. Destouni
  • R. Gurney
  • J. Johannessen
  • Y. Kerr
  • W.A. Lahoz
  • M. Rast

Part of the Space Sciences Series of ISSI book series (SSSI, volume 46)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VI
  2. Michael Rast, Johnny Johannessen, Wolfram Mauser
    Pages 491-513
  3. Kevin E. Trenberth, Ghassem R. Asrar
    Pages 515-532
  4. Richard P. Allan, Chunlei Liu, Matthias Zahn, David A. Lavers, Evgenios Koukouvagias, Alejandro Bodas-Salcedo
    Pages 533-552
  5. Rolf H. Reichle, Gabriëlle J. M. De Lannoy, Barton A. Forman, Clara S. Draper, Qing Liu
    Pages 577-606
  6. Patricia de Rosnay, Gianpaolo Balsamo, Clément Albergel, Joaquín Muñoz-Sabater, Lars Isaksen
    Pages 607-621
  7. William A. Lahoz, Gabriëlle J. M. De Lannoy
    Pages 623-660
  8. J. A. Johannessen, R. P. Raj, J. E. Ø. Nilsen, T. Pripp, P. Knudsen, F. Counillon et al.
    Pages 661-679
  9. Nicolas Reul, Severine Fournier, Jaqueline Boutin, Olga Hernandez, Christophe Maes, Bertrand Chapron et al.
    Pages 681-722
  10. Stefan Hagemann, Tanja Blome, Fahad Saeed, Tobias Stacke
    Pages 739-764
  11. Paul D. Bates, Jefferey C. Neal, Douglas Alsdorf, Guy J.-P. Schumann
    Pages 839-852

About this book


This book gives a comprehensive presentation of our present understanding of the Earth's Hydrological cycle and the problems, consequences and impacts that go with this topic. Water is a central component in the Earth's system. It is indispensable for life on Earth in its present form and influences virtually every aspect of our planet's life support system. On relatively short time scales, atmospheric water vapor interacts with the atmospheric circulation and is crucial in forming the Earth's climate zones. Water vapor is the most powerful of the greenhouse gases and serves to enhance the tropospheric temperature. The dominant part of available water on Earth resides in the oceans. Parts are locked up in the land ice on Greenland and Antarctica and a smaller part is estimated to exist as groundwater. If all the ice over the land and all the glaciers were to melt, the sea level would rise by some 80 m. In comparison, the total amount of water vapor in the atmosphere is small; it amounts to ~ 25 kg/m2, or the equivalent of 25 mm water for each column of air. Yet atmospheric water vapor is crucial for the Earth’s energy balance. The book gives an up to date presentation of the present knowledge.

Previously published in Surveys in Geophysics, Volume 35, No. 3, 2014


Climate Change Droughts Evaporation Fresh Water Usage Global Water Cycle Hydrological Cycle Oceanic Fresh Water Cycle Water Resources

Editors and affiliations

  • Lennart Bengtsson
    • 1
  • R.-M. Bonnet
    • 1
  • M. Calisto
    • 1
  • G. Destouni
    • 2
  • R. Gurney
    • 3
  • J. Johannessen
    • 4
  • Y. Kerr
    • 5
  • W.A. Lahoz
    • 6
  • M. Rast
    • 7
  1. 1.International Space Science InstituteBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.Stockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  3. 3.University of ReadingReadingUnited Kingdom
  4. 4.Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing CenterBergenNorway
  5. 5.Center for the Study of the Biosphere from SpaceToulouseFrance
  6. 6.Norwegian Institute for Air ResearchKjellerNorway
  7. 7.ESA-ESRINFrascatiItaly

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking
Oil, Gas & Geosciences