© 2003

A Social Theory of International Law

International Relations as a Complex System


Part of the International Law in Japanese Perspective book series (ILJP, volume 10)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Introduction

    1. Kazuko Hirose Kawaguchi
      Pages 1-21
  3. The Theory of Action Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 23-23
    2. Kazuko Hirose Kawaguchi
      Pages 25-44
    3. Kazuko Hirose Kawaguchi
      Pages 45-86
    4. Kazuko Hirose Kawaguchi
      Pages 121-135
  4. One Part of a Whole: Japan in the Context of International Relations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 137-137
    2. Kazuko Hirose Kawaguchi
      Pages 139-217
    3. Kazuko Hirose Kawaguchi
      Pages 219-297
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 299-317

About this book


The ability to shape one's own destiny-to make decisions on the basis of one's own ideals and goals-is a uniquely human characteristic. It is shared by the groups that human beings fonn-peoples, nations, and other communities--each bound by a common destiny. The very existence of different individuals and groups that have this characteristic virtually guarantees that there will be conflicts among them. And yet it is also human to want to find common ground with others. When individuals or groups emphasize their differences, the result is conflict; when they find common ground, cooperation becomes possible. However, even when it appears that cooperative efforts have resolved the sources of conflict, not all conflict will disappear. Conflict is a natural part of all human interaction. Both conflict and cooperation exist simultaneously. All social phenomena can ultimately be reduced to the question of how these two human characteristics are reconciled and allowed to coexist on the same plane.


International Law international relations law social theory systems theory

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Foreign StudiesSophia UniversityTokyoJapan

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