© 1996

Directionality and Logical Form

On the Scope of Focusing Particles and Wh-in-situ


Part of the Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory book series (SNLT, volume 34)

About this book


Directionality and Logical Form provides a detailed treatment of the syntax of focusing particles, such as only and even in a cross-linguistic perspective. The derivation of logical forms is shown to be under the control, not only of the ECP and subjacency, but also of directionality of government and the particular word-order parameter that holds in a given language: head-final languages systematically disallow certain derivations or readings that are available in head-initial languages. The reason is that heads that deviate in their selection properties from canonical head-finality project a directionality barrier. Various strategies are explored by which this barrier can be circumvented. Although the theory is developed mainly on the basis of the head position in German, it can be directly used to explain constraints on the scope of Wh-in-situ in Bengali and closely related languages.
Audience: Syntacticians and semanticists interested in parametric variation, as well as linguists working on Germanic and/or Indo-Aryan languages.


Derivation Extraposition German Syntax complements noun phrase quantifiers semantic semantics syntactic

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Germanistische SprachwissenschaftFriedrich-Schiller-Universität JenaJenaGermany

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Directionality and Logical Form
  • Book Subtitle On the Scope of Focusing Particles and Wh-in-situ
  • Authors Josef Bayer
  • Series Title Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1996
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-0-7923-3752-2
  • Softcover ISBN 978-90-481-4623-9
  • eBook ISBN 978-94-017-1272-9
  • Series ISSN 0924-4670
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVI, 328
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Theoretical Linguistics
    Germanic Languages
  • Buy this book on publisher's site