© 2000

Forest Condition in a Changing Environment

The Finnish Case

  • Eino Mälkönen

Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 65)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Finnish Forests

    1. Eino Mälkönen
      Pages 1-4
    2. Helena Henttonen
      Pages 25-32
  3. Environmental Factors

    1. Heikki Tuomenvirta
      Pages 33-40
    2. Eero Kubin, Harri Lippo, Jarmo Poikolainen
      Pages 60-71
    3. Pekka Tamminen
      Pages 72-86
  4. Forest Condition

    1. Marja-Liisa Sutinen, Pekka Niemelä
      Pages 87-92
    2. Hannu Raitio, Pekka Tamminen, Jukka-Pekka Tuovinen, Pia Anttila
      Pages 93-102
    3. Marja-Liisa Sutinen, Hannu Raitio
      Pages 103-105
    4. Toini Holopainen, Elina Oksanen, Jarmo K. Holopainen
      Pages 106-112
    5. Sirkka Sutinen, Minna Kivimäenpää
      Pages 113-120
    6. Maija Salemaa, Martti Lindgren
      Pages 121-132
    7. Seppo Nevalainen, Jaakko Heinonen
      Pages 133-141
    8. Martti Lindgren, Maija Salemaa, Pekka Tamminen
      Pages 142-155
    9. Raisa Mäkipää, Juha Heikkinen, Kari Mikkola, Antti Reinikainen, Maija Salemaa
      Pages 156-161
    10. Jarmo Poikolainen, Mikko Kuusinen, Kari Mikkola
      Pages 162-170
    11. Jarmo Poikolainen, Mikko Kuusinen
      Pages 171-172

About this book


The threats posed by air pollution and climate change have resulted in considerable public debate about forest condition and growth during the past two decades. Despite the massive input ofresearch resources, no clear answers have been found to these global questions. Although there have been substantial advances in our knowledge of the effects of air pollutants on the forests, many of the questions associated with forest condition are still open. Monitoring of forest condition at the national level started in Finland in 1985 in accordance with the methodology drawn up by the International Co-operative Programme on Assessments and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests, UN/ECE). Since then, research into forest condition and vitality has been one of the key areas in the research carried out by the Finnish Forest Research Institute. Three basic questions formed the starting point for the multidisciplinary, Forest Condition Research Programme: What changes are taking place in our forests? Why does forest condition vary, and why do trees appear to be suffering? How can forest condition be maintained through appropriate forest management? This report covers forest condition and changes in environmental factors on the of the latest findings, publications and expertise of researchers participated in basis the Forest Condition Research Programme. In addition to researchers from the Finnish Forest Research Institute, a large number of scientists from domestic and foreign universities and research institutes also made a considerable contribution to the research programme.


ecology ecosystem environment forest forest ecology pollution

Editors and affiliations

  • Eino Mälkönen
    • 1
  1. 1.Vantaa Research CentreFinnish Forest Research InstituteVantaaFinland

Bibliographic information