Time: Towards a Consistent Theory

  • C. K. Raju

Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 65)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction

    1. C. K. Raju
      Pages 1-7
  3. Preliminary paradoxes and puzzles

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. C. K. Raju
      Pages 11-29
  4. The measurement of time

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 31-31
    2. C. K. Raju
      Pages 33-48
    3. C. K. Raju
      Pages 49-58
    4. C. K. Raju
      Pages 59-75
  5. The arrow of time

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 77-77
    2. C. K. Raju
      Pages 79-101
    3. C. K. Raju
      Pages 102-115
    4. C. K. Raju
      Pages 116-135
  6. The topology of time

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 137-137
    2. C. K. Raju
      Pages 139-160
    3. C. K. Raju
      Pages 161-189
    4. C. K. Raju
      Pages 190-211
  7. Towards a consistent model of time

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 213-213
    2. C. K. Raju
      Pages 215-232
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 233-260

About this book


Is time, even locally, like the real line? Multiple structures of time, implicit in physics, create a consistency problem. A tilt in the arrow of time is suggested as the most conservative hypothesis which provides approximate consistency within physics and with topology of mundane time.
Mathematically, the assumed constancy of the velocity of light (needed to measure time) implies functional differential equations of motion, that have both retarded and advanced deviating arguments with the hypothesis of a tilt. The novel features of such equations lead to a nontrivial structure of time and quantum-mechanical behaviour. The entire argument is embedded in a pedagogical exposition which amplifies, corrects, and questions the conventionally accepted approach. The exposition includes historical details and explains, for instance, why the entropy law is inadequate for time asymmetry, and why notions such as time asymmetry (hence causality) may be conceptually inadequate.
The first three parts of the book are especially suited as supplementary reading material for undergraduate and graduate students and teachers of physics. The new ideas are addressed to researchers in physics and philosophy of science concerned with relativity and the interpretation of quantum mechanics.


differential equation electromagnetic field mechanics philosophy of science quantum mechanics relativity science theory of relativity topology

Authors and affiliations

  • C. K. Raju
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Advanced StudyRashtrapati NivasShimlaIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Development of Advanced ComputingNew DelhiIndia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-4462-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-015-8376-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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