Believing and Accepting

  • Pascal Engel

Part of the Philosophical Studies Series book series (PSSP, volume 83)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-v
  2. Laurence Goldstein
    Pages 65-92
  3. Robert Stalnaker
    Pages 93-100
  4. Michael Losonsky
    Pages 101-131
  5. Jean Pierre Dupuy
    Pages 133-143
  6. Richard Jeffrey
    Pages 145-157
  7. Jacques Dubucs
    Pages 159-177
  8. Peter Railton
    Pages 179-208
  9. Keith Lehrer
    Pages 209-220
  10. Dan Sperber
    Pages 243-266
  11. François Recanati
    Pages 267-298
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 299-302

About this book


(1) Beliefs are involuntary, and not nonnally subject to direct voluntary control. For instance I cannot believe at will that my trousers are on fire, or that the Dalai Lama is a living God, even if you pay me a large amount of money for believing such things. (2) Beliefs are nonnally shaped by evidence for what is believed, unless they are, in some sense, irrational. In general a belief is rational if it is proportioned to the degree of evidence that one has for its truth. In this sense, one often says that "beliefs aim at truth" . This is why it is, on the face of it, irrational to believe against the evidence that one has. A subject whose beliefs are not shaped by a concern for their truth, but by what she wants to be the case, is more or less a wishful thinker or a self-deceiver. (3) Beliefs are context independent, in the sense that at one time a subject believes something or does not believe it; she does not believe it relative to one context and not relative to another. For instance if I believe that Paris is a polluted city, I cannot believe that on Monday and not on Tuesday; that would be a change of belief, or a change of mind, but not a case of believing one thing in one context and another thing in another context. If I believe something, the belief is more or 4 less pennanent across various contexts.


cognitive science concept issue language mind objectivity philosophy philosophy of language proposition science transformation

Editors and affiliations

  • Pascal Engel
    • 1
  1. 1.Université de Paris IVSorbonneFrance

Bibliographic information