© 1991

Biomass Pyrolysis Liquids Upgrading and Utilization

  • A. V. Bridgwater
  • G. Grassi

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. A. V. Bridgwater, S. A. Bridge
    Pages 11-92
  3. P.-L. Desbène, M. Essayegh, B. Desmazieres, J.-J. Basselier
    Pages 155-176
  4. A. V. Bridgwater
    Pages 243-262
  5. Martin Rupp
    Pages 289-298
  6. Carlos A. Luengo, Mario O. Cencig
    Pages 299-309
  7. Yrjö Solantausta, Kai SipilÄ
    Pages 327-340
  8. A. V. Bridgwater
    Pages 351-362
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 363-377

About this book


Biomass pyrolysis has been practised for centuries in the manufacture of charcoal for industry and leisure. Only in the last two decades, however, has attention focussed on a better understanding of the science and technology, with the resultant benefits of better designed and controlled processes that give high yields of liquid products. These liquids, or 'bio-oil' as it is referred to, can be used in a variety of ways: -combustion to replace conventional fuel oil in boilers, process equipment such as kilns and in gas turbines for power generation; -upgrading by hydrotreating or with zeolites to gasoline, diesel and other hydrocarbon fuels, of chemicals; --extraction and upgrading to fuel additives and chemical specialities. Any charcoal produced can also be utilised to form char- water slurries, analogous to coal-water slurries, or bioi-oil slurries which may be used as liquid fuels in many combustion applications. A group of experts was set up in the EC Energy from Biomass programme to evaluate the status and opportunities for deriving useful liquid products from biomass pyrolysis. This book is a report of their findings and conclusions. It forms an authoritative guide to the wide range of technologies employed in biomass pyrolysis, and product upgrading, utilisation and characterisation. Recommendations and conclusions are included to identify promising areas of research and development that will be of value to researchers, planners and companies throughout the world.


additives biomass chemicals combustion development emission energy environment extraction future industry iron liquid plants water

Editors and affiliations

  • A. V. Bridgwater
    • 1
  • G. Grassi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied ChemistryAston UniversityBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Commission of the European CommunitiesBrusselsBelgium

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Biomass Pyrolysis Liquids Upgrading and Utilization
  • Editors A.V. Bridgwater
    G. Grassi
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1991
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-1-85166-565-5
  • Softcover ISBN 978-94-010-5709-7
  • eBook ISBN 978-94-011-3844-4
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages IX, 377
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Biotechnology
    Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Consumer Packaged Goods