Long-Term Climate Monitoring by the Global Climate Observing System

International Meeting of Experts, Asheville, North Carolina, USA

  • Thomas R. Karl

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-v
  2. Editorials

    1. Thomas Spence, John Townshend
      Pages 1-4
    2. Thomas Karl, Francis Bretherton, William Easterling, Chris Miller, Kevin Trenberth
      Pages 5-17
    3. Christopher Miller, Francis Bretherton
      Pages 19-32
  3. General Aspects of Climate Observing

    1. Thomas R. Karl, Vernon E. Derr, David R. Easterling, Chris K. Folland, David J. Hofmann, Sydney Levitus et al.
      Pages 55-91
    2. Neville Nicholls
      Pages 101-115
    3. J. Hansen, W. Rossow, B. Carlson, A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio et al.
      Pages 117-141
    4. U. Cubasch, J. Waszkewitz, G. Hegerl, J. Perlwitz
      Pages 143-174
  4. Specific Aspects of Climate Observing

    1. William B. Rossow, Brian Cairns
      Pages 175-217
    2. Ramakrishna R. Nemani, Steven W. Running
      Pages 265-283
    3. Chester F. Ropelewski
      Pages 285-295
    4. Kevin E. Trenberth
      Pages 297-323
    5. John R. Christy
      Pages 325-344
    6. Neville R. Smith, George T. Needler, The Ocean Observing System Development Panel
      Pages 345-364
    7. Vivien Gornitz
      Pages 385-414
    8. D. E. Parker, C. K. Folland, M. Jackson
      Pages 429-470
  5. Climate Impacts and Climate Monitoring

    1. W. E. Easterling, R. W. Kates
      Pages 493-518

About this book


Is the climate warming? Is the hydrological cycle intensifying? Is the climate becoming more variable or extreme? Is the chemical composition of the atmosphere changing? Is the solar irradiance constant? Answers to these questions are fundamental to understanding, predicting, and assessing climate on time scales ranging from weeks to a century. Atmospheric, oceanic, and environmental scientists have primarily relied on an ad-hoc collection of disparate environmental observational and data management systems to address these problems. But these systems were not designed to measure climate variations and, as a result, changes and variations of the earth system during the instrumental climate record is far from unequivocal. This book develops a framework from which a Global Climate Observing System, currently being discussed in international forums, can be implemented to monitor changes and variations of climate.
Audience: Administrators, policy makers, professionals, graduate students, and others interested in learning how we can ensure a long-term climate record for application to national economic development and understanding ecosystem dynamics.


Cloud Precipitation Scale ecosystem moisture satellite temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • Thomas R. Karl
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNational Climatic Data CenterAshevilleUSA

Bibliographic information

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