Composition, Geochemistry and Conversion of Oil Shales

  • Colin Snape

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 455)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Reviews: Geochemistry & Characterisation

  3. Reviews; Conversion; Processing, Mechanisms and Products

    1. J. G. Groppo
      Pages 175-189
    2. Francis P. Miknis
      Pages 191-209
    3. S. D. Carter, U. M. Graham, A. M. Rubel, T. L. Robl
      Pages 229-245
    4. E. Ekinci, Y. Yürüm
      Pages 247-262
    5. Alan K. Burnham
      Pages 263-276
    6. M. J. Roberts, C. E. Snape, S. C. Mitchell
      Pages 277-293
    7. Michael Siskin, Alan R. Katritzky
      Pages 313-327
    8. Y. Yurum, E. Ekinci
      Pages 329-345
    9. Frank Derbyshire, Uschi Graham, You Qing Fei, Tom Robl, Marit Jagtoyen
      Pages 347-363
    10. Bekir Zühtü Uysal
      Pages 365-378
  4. Research contributions

    1. Yongsong Huang, Matthew J. Lockheart, James W. Collister, Geoffrey Eglinton
      Pages 439-448
    2. J. Yperman, D. Franco, J. Mullens, G. Reggers, M. D’Olieslaeger, L. C. Van Poucke et al.
      Pages 449-459
    3. P. Wilk, S. Jasieńko
      Pages 477-484
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 501-505

About this book


Oil shales are broadly dermed as petroleum source rocks containing sufficiently high contents of organic matter (above ca 10-15 wt. %) to make utilisation a possibility. Like coal, the world's reserves of oil shales are vast being many times larger than those proven for crude oil. Indeed, some of the largest deposits occur in the USA and Europe where Estonia and Turkey have large reserves. The first recorded interest in oil shale retorting was an English patent in 1694 (Eele, Hancock and Porter, No. 330) which refers to distilling noyle from some kind of stone". The oil shale retorting industry dates back to the middle of the last century, notably Scotland, Estonia, France and Sweden in Europe. Indeed, my own Department at the University of Strathclyde has a historical link with James "Paraffin" Young, the founder of the Scottish oil shale industry who endowed a chair in Applied Chemistry. The growth of the oil industry saw the demise of the oil shale industry in most countries with the notable exception of Estonia, where kukersite has continued to be used for power generation and retorting. However, oil shale utilisation has attracted renewed attention since the early 1970s as a source of transport fuels and chemical feedstocks due to the the long term uncertainties over crude oil supplies.


analytical chemistry combustion geochemistry isotope kinetics structure

Editors and affiliations

  • Colin Snape
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pure and Applied ChemistryUniversity of StratchclydeGlasgowScotland, UK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-4140-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-0317-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-2185
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Oil, Gas & Geosciences