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Montesquieu and the Philosophy of Natural Law

  • Mark H. Waddicor

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Mark H. Waddicor
    Pages 22-45
  3. Mark H. Waddicor
    Pages 46-64
  4. Mark H. Waddicor
    Pages 65-99
  5. Mark H. Waddicor
    Pages 177-192
  6. Mark H. Waddicor
    Pages 193-196
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 197-215

About this book

Introduction

In the last hundred years, the philosophy of natural law has suffered a fate that could hardly have been envisaged by the seventeenth and eighteenth century exponents of its universality and eternity: it has become old-fashioned. The positivists and the Marxists were happy to throw eternal moral­ ity out of the window, confident that some magic temporal harmony would eventually follow Progress in by the front door. Their hopes may not have been fully realized, but they did succeed in discrediting natural law. What is often not appreciated is the extent to which we have adopted the tenets of the philosophy they despised, borh in the field of politics, and in the field of personal and social ethics, which Barbeyrac called "la science des mreurs" and which the positivists re­ christened "social science". Consequently, though we live in a world whose freedom, such as it is, is largely a result of the popularization of the philosophy of natural law, and whose conscious and unconscious standards, such as they are, are a result of that philosophy as it became combined with Christianity, the doctrine of natural law is itself for­ gotten. In view of the oblivion into which it has fallen, natural law is a concept which means little to the average reader. All too often, Montesquieu scholars have traded on this oblivion in order to give an exaggerated picture of his originality.

Keywords

Civil Law Montesquieu Natural Law empiricism origin of society philosophy of Natural Law state of nature

Authors and affiliations

  • Mark H. Waddicor
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ExeterUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-3238-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1970
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-3240-7
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-3238-4
  • Series Print ISSN 0066-6610
  • Buy this book on publisher's site