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Interactions of Energy and Climate

Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Münster, Germany, March 3–6, 1980

  • W. Bach
  • J. Pankrath
  • J. Williams

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xl
  2. Global Energy Demand and Supply — Present and Future

    1. Front Matter
      Pages N1-N1
    2. Amory B. Lovins
      Pages 1-31
    3. H.-H. Rogner, W. Sassin
      Pages 33-52
    4. G. A. McKay, T. Allsopp
      Pages 53-72
  3. Climatic Impacts of Carbon Dioxide

    1. Front Matter
      Pages N2-N2
    2. H. Oeschger, U. Siegenthaler, M. Heimann
      Pages 107-127
    3. U. Hampicke
      Pages 149-167
    4. Ralph M. Rotty, Gregg Marland
      Pages 191-212
  4. Climatic Impacts of other Gases and Aerosols

    1. Front Matter
      Pages N3-N3
    2. I. S. A. Isaksen
      Pages 257-268
    3. V. Ramanathan
      Pages 269-280
    4. William W. Kellogg
      Pages 281-303
  5. Climatic Impacts of Land use Changes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages N4-N4
    2. A. Baumgartner, M. Kirchner
      Pages 305-316
    3. Gerald L. Potter, Hugh W. Ellsaesser, Michael C. MacCracken, James S. Ellis, Frederick M. Luther
      Pages 317-326
    4. T. R. Oke
      Pages 339-361
  6. Climatic Impacts of Heat Emission

  7. Risk-Benefit and Cost-Benefit Assessment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages N6-N6
    2. Walter Orr Roberts
      Pages 461-471
  8. Possible Preventive Measures

    1. Front Matter
      Pages N7-N7
    2. C. F. Baes Jr., S. E. Beall, D. W. Lee, G. Marland
      Pages 495-519
    3. Meyer Steinberg, Anthony S. Albanese
      Pages 521-555
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 557-569

About this book

Introduction

Since the beginning of industrialization in the last century, a steady increase in energy consumption can be observed. At the same time, energy generation switched from wood and coal to predominantly oil, coal and natural gas. Soon, many countries became aware of the fact that the resources of fossil fuels, especially of oil and natural gas are finite. Diversification of energy sources became a requirement for the future. Governments expressed their concern by setting up natural energy programmes while international organisations undertook assessments of the global energy resources and possible rates of supply and substitution. When it comes to setting up energy policies, the following factors must be taken into consideration: population growth, level and nature of socio-economic activity, the costs of energy, the adequacy and reliability of supply, the availability of technology and supporting infrastructure, the success of energy conservation programmes and concern about the environment, safety aspects of production and use of energy as well as educational efforts toward a rational use of energy. When we express our most urgent concern, the long-term global energy provision, experts offer four interrelated partial strategies: - the strategy of rational use and conservation of energy - the strategy of using renewable energy sources - the coal strategy including coal gasification and liquefaction - the nuclear power strategy. Any strategy, however, for securing future energy supply has, from my point of view, to be thoroughly examined as to its impact on the environment.

Keywords

Aerosol Albedo Scale biosphere temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • W. Bach
    • 1
  • J. Pankrath
    • 2
  • J. Williams
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Applied Climatology and Environmental StudiesThe University of MünsterGermany
  2. 2.UmweltbundesamtBerlin (West)Germany
  3. 3.Climatological ConsultantKarlsruheGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-9111-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1980
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-277-1177-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-9111-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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