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© 1981

Sciences and Cultures

Anthropological and Historical Studies of the Sciences

  • Everett Mendelsohn
  • Yehuda Elkana
Book

Part of the Sociology of the Sciences a Yearbook book series (SOSC, volume 5)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

Anthropological approaches to the sciences have developed as part of a broader tradition concerned about the place of the sciences in today's world and in some basic sense concerned with questions about the legitimacy of the sciences. In the years since the second World War, we have seen the emergence of a number of different attempts both to analyze and to cope with the successes of the sciences, their broad penetration into social life, and the sense of problem and crisis that they have projected. Among the of movements concerned about the earlier responses were the development social responsibility of scientists and technological practitioners. There is little doubt that this was a direct outgrowth of the role of science in the war epitomized by the successful construction and catastrophic use of the atomic bomb. The recognition of the deep social utility of science, and especially its role as an instrument of war, fostered curiosity about the earlier develop­ ment of scientific disciplines and institutional forms. The history of science as an explicit diSCipline with full-time practitioners can be seen as an attempt to locate science in temporal space - first in its intellectual form and second­ ly in its institutional or social form. The sociology of science, while certainly having roots in the pre-war work of Robert K.

Keywords

Institution anthropology history of science sociology sociology of knowledge sociology of science

Editors and affiliations

  • Everett Mendelsohn
    • 1
  • Yehuda Elkana
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of the History of ScienceHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.The Van Leer Jerusalem FoundationJerusalemIsrael

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Sciences and Cultures
  • Book Subtitle Anthropological and Historical Studies of the Sciences
  • Editors E. Mendelsohn
    Y. Elkana
  • Series Title Sociology of the Sciences a Yearbook
  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-8429-5
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1981
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-90-277-1234-9
  • Softcover ISBN 978-90-277-1235-6
  • eBook ISBN 978-94-009-8429-5
  • Series ISSN 0167-2320
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVII, 270
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Cultural History
  • Buy this book on publisher's site