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Variations in the Global Water Budget

  • Alayne Street-Perrott
  • Max Beran
  • Robert Ratcliffe

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Techniques of Measurement and Analysis: I. Atmospheric Processes

  3. Techniques of Measurement and Analysis: II. Surface Processes

  4. Secular Variability: Interactions and Teleconnections

  5. Long-Term Changes

  6. Modelling and Prediction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 425-425
    2. R. P. Pearce, M. A. Beran
      Pages 426-428
    3. P. R. Rowntree, J. A. Bolton
      Pages 447-462
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 489-518

About this book

Introduction

R.E. Newell President, International Commission on Climate International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics Water is the active ingredient in the global climatic system, its physical properties ensuring that it plays a major role. Its high thermal capacity provides a mechanism for moderating mid­ latitude winter temperatures; solar energy is absorbed by the surface layers of the middle latitude oceans in summer and is released to the atmosphere in winter as the ocean cools. The variation of saturation vapour pressure with temperature is the factor which causes oceanic surface temperatures at low latitudes to be limited by evaporation to values near 29°C, thereby limiting tropical marine air temperatures to about the same value. The substantial amount of energy involved in phase changes - the latent heat - governs the passage of solar energy to the atmo­ sphere; visible solar radiation is absorbed at the Earth's surface, energy is supplied to evaporate water and the latent heat is released to the atmosphere when and where condensation occurs, which is often a considerable distance from the source of the moisture. The infrared radiative characteristics of water vapour, namely the broad vibration-rotation bands typical of a triatomic molecule, permit it to act as the principal agent of energy loss from the atmosphere, throu?,h infrared radiation to space.

Keywords

Atmospheric circulation North America Pleistocene air atmosphere climate distribution estuary groundwater marine remote sensing satellite soil vegetation water

Editors and affiliations

  • Alayne Street-Perrott
    • 1
  • Max Beran
    • 2
  • Robert Ratcliffe
    • 3
  1. 1.School of GeographyUniversity of OxfordUK
  2. 2.Institute of HydrologyWallingfordUK
  3. 3.Royal Meteorological SocietyUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-6954-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1983
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-009-6956-8
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-6954-4
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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