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Perspectives on Environmental Impact Assessment

Proceedings of the Annual Training Courses on Environmental Impact Assessment, sponsored by The World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark at the Centre for Enviromental Management and Planning, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1980–1983

  • Brian D. Clark
  • Alexander Gilad
  • Ronald Bisset
  • Paul Tomlinson

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Objectives and Procedures

  3. The Role of Environmental Health Assessment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 91-91
    2. L. K. A. Derban
      Pages 121-132
    3. Cameron G. Ramsay
      Pages 133-160
  4. Assessment Methods and Techniques

  5. Case Studies

  6. Back Matter
    Pages 517-520

About these proceedings

Introduction

The experience of highly industrialized countries demonstrates that single-minded pursuit of economic develop­ ment is self-defeating because, by disregarding the other components of what is cxmnonly called "the quality of life", it creates conditions which are not acceptable to large sectors of the population. In the recent past a number of projects, for example, major darns, have had unexpectedly deleterious social, envir­ onmental and health consequences. As a result, many govern­ ment department and agencies are investigating the impacts of specific projects and are examining the role impact analysis could play in project planning. The process of environmental impact analysis has been developed, tested and institutionalized in several countries. The objective of the process is a prior identification and definition of likely environmental impacts of projects such as public works, industrial developments and tourist develop­ ments, as well as the impact of policies and legislative proposals. The environmental impact analysis process also includes the definition of alternative courses of action which would achieve comparable economic objectives while eliminatir .. g some or all of the detrimental environmental consequences. Identification of preventive or precautionary measures, which would minimize the unavoidable impacts, fonn an integral part of the process. The aim should be for a balanced appraisal in which economic, technical, social, environmental and health aspects are fully evaluated. Thus viewed, environmental impact analysis emerges as one of the most powerful planning tools for the prevention of environmental pollution and degradation.

Keywords

development environment environmental health environmental management environmental pollution health

Editors and affiliations

  • Brian D. Clark
    • 1
  • Alexander Gilad
    • 2
  • Ronald Bisset
    • 3
  • Paul Tomlinson
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Environmental Management and Planning (CEMP) Department of GeographyUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenScotland
  2. 2.World Health Organization Regional Office for EuropeUK
  3. 3.Centre for Environmental Management and PlanningUniversity of AberdeenScotland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-6381-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1984
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-009-6383-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-6381-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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