Practical Application of Azolla for Rice Production

Proceedings of an International Workshop, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, November 17–19, 1982

  • W. S. Silver
  • E. C. Schröder

Part of the Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences book series (DPSS, volume 13)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VII
  2. Azolla-Anabaena Symbioses: Basic Biology, Use, and Prospects for the Future

  3. Basic Studies

  4. Applied Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-113
    2. H. F. Diara, C. Van Hove
      Pages 115-118
    3. S. Kannaiyan, M. Thangaraju, G. Oblisami
      Pages 119-124
    4. A. Bozzini, P. De Luca, A. Moretti, S. Sabato, G. Siniscalco Gigliano
      Pages 125-131
    5. B. Roy
      Pages 145-150
    6. María José Amstalden Moraes Sampaio, Marli de Fátima Fiore, Alaides Puppin Ruschel
      Pages 163-167
  5. Country Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 177-177
    2. Chob Kanareugsa, Prayoon Swatdee, Somjit Khonthasuvon, Laddawan Loudhapasittiporn, Nantharat Suphakumnerd
      Pages 179-187
    3. S. A. Kulasooriya, W. K. Hirimburegama, S. W. Abeysekera
      Pages 188-201
    4. H. F. Diara, C. A. Dixon, C. Van Hove
      Pages 202-207
  6. Abstracts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 209-209
    2. M. C. Margheri, L. Tomaselli, C. Filpi
      Pages 212-213
    3. Ton That Trinh
      Pages 215-216
    4. María José Valarini, Paulo Bardauil Alcantara, Mirna Adamoli de Barros
      Pages 217-217
    5. C. S. Weeraratna
      Pages 218-218
  7. Round Table

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 219-219
    2. S. N. Talley
      Pages 221-222
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 223-227

About this book


The production of rice has increased considerably in recent years due to the release of improved varieties and the adoption of better fertilization practices. Nevertheless, the production and use of inorganic N fertilizer involves costly investments in terms of energy and transport, the need for complex manufacturing plants, as well as the potential for environmental pollution. The use of agricultural systems that include dinitrogen fixing organisms appears to be an economically sound cultural practice. In the particular case of rice, biological nitrogen fixation by Azolla, blue-green algae (BGA), and heterotrophic microorganisms has long been recognized, in southeast Asia, as a fertilizer for rice culture. The Azolla-Anabaena association has the unique property of being able to retain a significant amount of nitrogenase activity in the presence of combined nitrogen, making the system compatible with inorganic nitrogen fertilization. Researchers working with Azolla (N fixation) are dispersed in 2 countries of southeast Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin America, making it difficult to share ideas, concepts and research results on a more personal basis. Considering the potential positive impact of growing rice in association with Azolla, and the lack, to date, of an international gathering of scientists dedicated to Azolla research, the First International Workshop on "Practical Applications of Azolla for Rice Production" was organized by the University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez Campus.


Polypeptide biology ecophysiology fertilization mineral nutrition nitrogen nutrition physiology plants

Editors and affiliations

  • W. S. Silver
    • 1
  • E. C. Schröder
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of South FloridaUSA
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyUniversity of Puerto RicoUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1984
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-009-6203-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-6201-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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