How Things Are

Studies in Predication and the History of Philosophy and Science

  • James Bogen
  • James E. McGuire

Part of the Philosophical Studies Series in Philosophy book series (PSSP, volume 29)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. James Bogen
    Pages 1-19
  3. D. K. Modrak
    Pages 85-99
  4. Calvin Normore
    Pages 189-203
  5. Wilfrid Sellars
    Pages 285-322
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 323-345

About this book


One of the earliest and most influential treatises on the subject of this volume is Aristotle's Categories. Aristotle's title is a form of the Greek verb for speaking against or submitting an accusation in a legal proceeding. By the time of Aristotle, it also meant: to signify or to predicate. Surprisingly, the "predicates" Aristotle talks about include not only bits of language, but also such nonlinguistic items as the color white in a body and the knowledge of grammar in a man's soul. (Categories I/ii) Equally surprising are such details as Aristotle's use of the terms 'homonymy' and 'synonymy' in connection with things talked about rather than words used to talk about them. Judging from the evidence in the Organon, the Metaphysics, and elsewhere, Aristotle was both aware of and able to mark the distinction between using and men­ tioning words; and so we must conclude that in the Categories, he was not greatly concerned with it. For our purposes, however, it is best to treat the term 'predication' as if it were ambiguous and introduce some jargon to disambiguate it. Code, Modrak, and other authors of the essays which follow use the terms 'linguistic predication' and 'metaphysical predication' for this.


Aristotle Plato Plotin history of philosophy language

Editors and affiliations

  • James Bogen
    • 1
  • James E. McGuire
    • 2
  1. 1.Pitzer CollegeClaremontUSA
  2. 2.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-8799-5
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-5199-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site