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Conscience: An Interdisciplinary View

Salzburg Colloquium on Ethics in the Sciences and Humanities

  • Gerhard Zecha
  • Paul Weingartner

Part of the Theory and Decision Library book series (TDLA, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Conscience: Foundational Aspects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Ann Higgins, Lawrence Kohlberg, Georg Lind, Heinrich Scholler, Hans Strotzka, Günter Virt et al.
      Pages 16-25
    3. Josef Fuchs, Ann Higgins, Georg Lind, Hans Strotzka, Paul Weingartner, Thomas E. Wren et al.
      Pages 47-56
  3. Conscience: Social and Educational Aspects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 57-57
    2. Ann Higgins, Lawrence Kohlberg, Georg Lind, Heinrich Scholler, Hans Strotzka, Günter Virt et al.
      Pages 78-89
    3. Josef Fuchs, Ann Higgins, Lawrence Kohlberg, Georg Lind, Heinrich Scholler, Hans Strotzka et al.
      Pages 111-122
    4. Josef Fuchs, Ann Higgins, Lawrence Kohlberg, Georg Lind, Heinrich Scholler, Hans Strotzka et al.
      Pages 150-162
  4. Conscience: Special Topics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 163-163
    2. Günter Virt
      Pages 165-191
    3. Josef Fuchs, Lawrence Kohlberg, Georg Lind, Heinrich Scholler, Günter Virt, Paul Weingartner et al.
      Pages 191-200
    4. Josef Fuchs, Ann Higgins, Georg Lind, Heinrich Scholler, Werner Stark, Hans Strotzka et al.
      Pages 217-230
    5. Josef Fuchs, Ann Higgins, Lawrence Kohlberg, Georg Lind, Heinrich Scholler, Hans Strotzka et al.
      Pages 252-261
    6. Hans Strotzka
      Pages 263-279
    7. Josef Fuchs, Ann Higgins, Lawrence Kohlberg, Georg Lind, Heinrich Scholler, Hans Strotzka et al.
      Pages 280-293
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 295-304

About this book

Introduction

Value change and uncertainty about the validity of traditional moral convictions are frequently observed when scientific re­ search confronts us with new moral problems or challenges the moral responsibility of the scientist. Which ethics is to be relied on? Which principles are the most reasonable, the most humane ones? For want of an appropriate answer, moral authorities of­ ten point to conscience, the individual conscience, which seems to be man's unique, directly accessible and final source of moral contention. But what is meant by 'conscience'? There is hardly a notion as widely used and at the same time as controversial as that of conscience. In the history of ethics we can distinguish several trends in the interpretation of the concept and function of conscience. The Greeks used the word O"uvEt81lm~ to denote a kind of 'accompa­ nying knowledge' that mostly referred to negatively experienced behavior. In Latin, the expression conscientia meant a knowing­ together pointing beyond the individual consciousness to the common knowledge of other people. In the Bible, especially in the New Testament, O"uvEt81l0"t~ is used for the guiding con­ sciousness of the morality of one's own action.

Keywords

ethics liberty morality responsibility

Editors and affiliations

  • Gerhard Zecha
    • 1
  • Paul Weingartner
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Theoretical ScienceSalzburg International Research CentreAustria
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of SalzburgAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3821-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1987
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-8200-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-3821-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site