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The Geochemistry of Manganese and Manganese Nodules in the Ocean

  • G. N. Baturin

Part of the Sedimentology and Petroleum Geology book series (SAPG, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Marine Geochemistry of Dispersed Manganese

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 3-24
    3. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 25-33
    4. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 34-44
    5. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 45-57
    6. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 58-82
  3. Geochemistry of Manganese Nodules

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 95-95
    2. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 127-161
    3. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 162-174
    4. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 175-238
    5. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 239-250
    6. G. N. Baturin
      Pages 251-267
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 268-342

About this book

Introduction

Manganese nodules were first discovered on the ocean floor 160 miles south-west of the Canary Islands on February 18, 1803, during the first complex oceano­ logical cruise of the Challenger. They surprised researchers by their unusual shape and also by their unusual chemical composition; nevertheless for many years after­ wards, they were considered merely as one of Nature's exotic marine tricks. After the Secpnd World War, a comprehensive investigation of the World Ocean started, and new data were obtained on a wide distribution of manganese nodules and their polymetallic composition, that made scientists consider nodules as one of the major characteristics of the deep oceanic zone. Recently, meaning since the 1960's, nodules have been recognized as a potential ore source, investigation of which is stimulated by the progressive depletion of land-based mineral resources. Several generations of scientists from various countries have contributed to the problem of exploration of manganese nodules on the ocean floor. Though the problem has been posed, it has not been solved yet because it required, in its turn, a scrutiny of some fundamental aspects such as composition, nature, accretion r'ate of nodules and retrieval of nodule fields. These problems have been discussed in thousands of papers and larger publications; see, in particulare, Mero, 1965; Horn, 1972; Morgenstein, 1973; Bezrukov, 1976; Glasby, 1977; Bischoff and Piper, 1979; Lalou, 1979; Manganese nodules, 1979; Varentsov, 1980; Cronan, 1980; Manganese nodules . . . , 1984, 1986.

Keywords

geochemistry

Authors and affiliations

  • G. N. Baturin
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of OceanologyAcademy of Sciences of the U.S.S.RU.S.S.R

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3731-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-8167-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-3731-4
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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