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The Logic of Multiparty Systems

  • Manfred J. Holler

Part of the International Studies in Economics and Econometrics book series (ISEE, volume 17)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-10
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
  3. Efficiency and Stability Concepts in Multiparty Voting

  4. Multipartism and Political Stability

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 135-135
    2. Jan-Erik Lane, Svante Ersson
      Pages 153-172
    3. G. Bingham Powell Jr.
      Pages 173-189
    4. Paul S. A. Renaud, Frans A. A. M. van Winden
      Pages 191-207
    5. Nikolaus Werz
      Pages 223-243
    6. R. J. Johnston, A. B. O’Neill, P. J. Taylor
      Pages 265-279
  5. Electoral System Effects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 281-281
    2. Geoffrey K. Roberts
      Pages 283-299
    3. Harold D. Clarke, Marianne C. Stewart, Gary Zuk
      Pages 317-340
  6. Problems of and Solutions to Representation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 381-381
    2. G. De Meur, M. Gassner
      Pages 391-404
    3. Manfred J. Holler
      Pages 425-436
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 437-446

About this book

Introduction

What determines the number of political parties in a democracy? Electoral rules certainly influence the incentives to create and maintain parties. However, a society's political culture can maintain parties despite electoral rules that give them poor prospects of success. Thus, comparing the number of parties and differences in electoral rules across countries cannot clearly test the effect of the electoral rules. A better test would examine a society with a fairly continuous political culture, but a change in electoral rules. Postwar France is such a society. While the basic social order has not changed, there was a drastic change in the electoral system in 1958, which theory implies would reduce the number of parties. Thus we can test the hypothesis that the number of parties fell with the change in electoral system. We can also calculate an " equivalent number of parties· to see how closely France approached a two - party system under the new regime. The first section describes the electoral rules under the Fourth and Fifth Republics. The second section develops a model that indicates how the change in electoral rules should have affected the incentives for multiple parties. The third section tests the hypothesis that the number of parties fell from the Fourth to the Fifth Republic. 1. Electoral Rules In the French Fourth Republic (1945 - 1958) political parties existed largely to serve the direct interests of their members.

Keywords

Legislative Parliament Parties and party system Party Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas geschäftsordnung logic

Editors and affiliations

  • Manfred J. Holler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Economics and StatisticsUniversity of AarhusAarhus CDenmark

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3607-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1987
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-8114-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-3607-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0924-5170
  • Buy this book on publisher's site