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Acid Deposition at High Elevation Sites

  • M. H. Unsworth
  • D. Fowler

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 252)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Modelling Cloud Chemistry and Deposition

  3. Cloud and Rain Chemistry: Process Studies

    1. J. A. Ogren, J. Heintzenberg, A. Zuber, H.-C. Hansson, K. J. Noone, D. S. Covert et al.
      Pages 125-137
    2. T. W. Choularton, T. A. Hill
      Pages 155-174
    3. T. A. Hill, A. Jones, T. W. Choularton
      Pages 175-188
    4. A. S. Chandler, T. W. Choularton, M. J. Gay, T. A. Hill, A. Jones, A. P. Morse et al.
      Pages 189-214
    5. G. J. Dollard, B. M. R. Jones, A. S. Chandler, M. J. Gay
      Pages 215-229
    6. D. Fowler, J. N. Cape, I. D. Leith, T. W. Choularton, M. J. Gay, A. Jones
      Pages 231-257
    7. A. R. Marsh, D. L. Ames, P. A. Clark, G. P. Gervat, W. J. McElroy
      Pages 259-281
    8. G. P. Gervat, P. A. Clark, A. R. W. Marsh, T. W. Choularton, M. J. Gay
      Pages 283-298
    9. R. Milne, A. Crossley, M. H. Unsworth
      Pages 299-307
  4. Cloud and Rain Chemistry: Monitoring Studies

    1. Kathleen C. Weathers, Gene E. Likens, F. Herbert Bormann, John S. Eaton, Kenneth D. Kimball, James N. Galloway et al.
      Pages 345-357
    2. Robert S. Schemenauer, Peter H. Schuepp, Selim Kermasha, Pilar Cereceda
      Pages 359-374
    3. H. Puxbaum, W. Vitovec, A. Kovar
      Pages 419-430
  5. Dry, Wet and Occult Deposition

  6. Processes at the Surface

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 667-670

About this book

Introduction

There is no shortage of general books on the subject of acid rain, or of symposium proceedings reviewing work ranging from atmospheric chemistry and deposition processes to freshwater acidification and effects on vegetation. In contrast, the collection of papers from this Workshop is focussed on a much smaller subject, the processes of acid deposition at high altitude sites. Interest in deposition at high elevation sites comes largely from observed vertical gradients in the degree of forest damage at sites in the Federal Republic of Germany and the eastern United States. These gradients show that damage to Norway spruce and fir increases with altitude at sites in Bavaria and the Black Forest, and that Red spruce are declining at high elevation sites in the Appalachian Mountains. With the large scale of scientific interest in forest decline, cany research groups, during the last five years, have been examining atmospheric chemistry, deposition processes, and effects on vegetation and soils at upland sites. In particular there have been many recent studies of cloud and precipitation chemistry, which show much larger concentrations of all ions in cloud water than in rain or snow. These studies have also shown that processes of wet and dry deposition and also the chemistry of the air at hill tops are modified strongly by orographic effects.

Keywords

Acid rain Aerosol Atmospheric chemistry Cloud Fog Precipitation Rain Scale Snow Troposphere Wind ecosystem

Editors and affiliations

  • M. H. Unsworth
    • 1
  • D. Fowler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Terrestrial EcologyEdinburghScotland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3079-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-7883-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-3079-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-2185
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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