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Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

  • MarcelĀ Mulder

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Marcel Mulder
    Pages 1-21
  3. Marcel Mulder
    Pages 22-70
  4. Marcel Mulder
    Pages 71-156
  5. Marcel Mulder
    Pages 157-209
  6. Marcel Mulder
    Pages 210-279
  7. Marcel Mulder
    Pages 280-415
  8. Marcel Mulder
    Pages 416-464
  9. Marcel Mulder
    Pages 465-520
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 521-564

About this book

Introduction

III . 2 Preparation of synthetic membranes 72 III . 3 Phase inversion membranes 75 III. 3. 1 Preparation by evaporation 76 III . 3. 2 Precipitation. from the vapour phase 76 III . 3. 3 Precipitation by controlled evaporation 76 Thermal precipitation 76 III . 3. 4 III . 3. 5 Immersion precipitation 77 Preparation techniques for immersion precipitation 77 III . 4 Flat membranes 77 III . 4. 1 78 III . 4. 2 Tubular membranes 81 III . 5 Preparation techniques for composite membranes 82 III. 5. 1 Interfacial polymerisation Dip-coating 83 III . 5. 2 III . 5. 3 Plasma polymerisation 86 III . 5. 4 Modification of homogeneous dense membranes 87 III . 6 Phase separation in polymer systems 89 III . 6. 1 Introduction 89 III . 6. 1. 1 Thermodynamics 89 III . 6. 2 Demixing processes 99 III . 6. 2. 1 Binary mixtures 99 III . 6. 2. 2 Ternary systems 102 III . 6. 3 Crystallisation 104 III . 6. 4 Gelation 106 III . 6. 5 Vitrification 108 III . 6. 6 Thermal precipitation 109 III . 6. 7 Immersion precipitation 110 III . 6. 8 Diffusional aspects 114 III . 6. 9 Mechanism of membrane formation 117 III. 7 Influence of various parameters on membrane morphology 123 III. 7. 1 Choice of solvent-nonsolvent system 123 III . 7. 2 Choice of the polymer 129 III . 7. 3 Polymer concentration 130 III . 7. 4 Composition of the coagulation bath 132 III . 7. 5 Composition of the casting solution 133 III . 7.

Keywords

chemical engineering chemistry membrane technology physical chemistry polymer

Authors and affiliations

  • MarcelĀ Mulder
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Membrane Science and TechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1766-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1996
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-4248-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-1766-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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