Biotechnology Research and Applications

  • J. Gavora
  • D. F. Gerson
  • J. Luong
  • A. Storer
  • J. H. Woodley

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Agricultural Biotechnology

  3. Bioengineering and Bioprocessing

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 43-43
    2. S. A. Narang, J. Phipps, J. Michniewicz, G. Dubuc, W. Waseen, M. Yaguchi et al.
      Pages 45-56
    3. Philip Bryan, Michele Rollence, Jay Wood, Steven Quill, Steven Dodd, Mark Whitlow et al.
      Pages 57-67
    4. Paul P. Matteau, Gunilla K. E. Seifert
      Pages 68-77
    5. J. H. T. Luong, K. B. Male, A. L. Nguyen, A. Mulchandani
      Pages 78-93
    6. Donald F. Gerson
      Pages 104-109
    7. Hugh G. Lawford, Jared E. Fein, Anne Kligerman
      Pages 110-119
  4. Biosensors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-153
    2. U. J. Krull, R. S. Brown, R. N. Koilpillai, R. Nespolo, E. T. Vandenberg
      Pages 165-174

About this book

Introduction

Historically, ruminant animals have provided farmers with the ability to utilize marginal lands for the production of high quality food for human consumption. Ruminants are able to derive their nourishment from feeds that are not in themselves capable of meeting the nutritional needs of the animal. They do this by supporting in the rumen, which is a greatly enlarged region of the stomach which precedes the animals digestive system, a microbial fermentation system. This system partially degrades complex polysaccharides and provides to the animal not only the degradation products (chiefly volatile fatty acids), but also secondary microbial metabolites and microbial biomass (most importantly microbial protein, which can be synthetized from inorganic nitrogen sources). A ruminant animal is able to survive, if not thrive, on a diet containing only cellulose, a non-protein nitrogen source such as urea, and trace minerals. The capacity of the rumen to process low quality feeds is limited by factors such as rumen volume, the time required for digestion of these feeds in the rumen, and the ability of the animal to chew the feed. Hodern ruminant animals have been intensively selected for high production potential, but the limited capacity of the rumen fermentation means that this potential cannot be realized by feeding the animal low quality feeds. The high production potential of these animals can only be realized by feeding large amounts of readily digestible, high quality feeds such as oilseed meals and grains.

Keywords

biotechnology

Editors and affiliations

  • J. Gavora
    • 1
  • D. F. Gerson
    • 2
  • J. Luong
    • 3
  • A. Storer
    • 3
  • J. H. Woodley
    • 4
  1. 1.Agriculture CanadaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Connaught LaboratoriesTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Biotechnology Research InstituteNRCMontrealCanada
  4. 4.Sim & McBurneyTorontoCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1371-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-7111-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-1371-4
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Biotechnology
Consumer Packaged Goods
Pharma