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Natural Language Parsing and Linguistic Theories

  • U. Reyle
  • C. Rohrer

Part of the Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy book series (SLAP, volume 35)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vi
  2. Uwe Reyle, Christian Rohrer
    Pages 1-32
  3. Jörg Kindermann, Justus Meier
    Pages 131-148
  4. Hans-Ulrich Block, Hans Haugeneder
    Pages 149-176
  5. Eric Wehrli
    Pages 177-201
  6. Dieter Wunderlich
    Pages 289-316
  7. Gisbert Fanselow
    Pages 317-355
  8. Christa Hauenschild
    Pages 411-431
  9. Uwe Reyle
    Pages 448-474
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 475-484

About this book

Introduction

presupposition fails, we now give a short introduction into Unification Grammar. Since all implementations discussed in this volume use PROLOG (with the exception of BlockjHaugeneder), we felt that it would also be useful to explain the difference between unification in PROLOG and in UG. After the introduction to UG we briefly summarize the main arguments for using linguistic theories in natural language processing. We conclude with a short summary of the contributions to this volume. UNIFICATION GRAMMAR 3 Feature Structures or Complex Categories. Unification Grammar was developed by Martin Kay (Kay 1979). Martin Kay wanted to give a precise defmition (and implementation) of the notion of 'feature'. Linguists use features at nearly all levels of linguistic description. In phonetics, for instance, the phoneme b is usually described with the features 'bilabial', 'voiced' and 'nasal'. In the case of b the first two features get the value +, the third (nasal) gets the value -. Feature­ value pairs in phonology are normally represented as a matrix. bilabial: + voiced: + I nasal: - [Feature matrix for b.] In syntax features are used, for example, to distinguish different noun classes. The Latin noun 'murus' would be characterized by the following feature-value pairs: gender: masculin, number: singular, case: nominative, pred: murus. Besides a matrix representation one frequently fmds a graph representation for feature value pairs. The edges of the graph are labelled by features. The leaves denote the value of a feature.

Keywords

Parsing Syntax functional grammar generalized phrase structure grammar grammar infinitive language morpho-syntax natural language noun phrase semantics

Editors and affiliations

  • U. Reyle
    • 1
  • C. Rohrer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Computational LinguisticsUniversity of StuttgartGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1337-0
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-55608-056-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-1337-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0924-4662
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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