SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk

Buildings, Lifelines, Transportation Networks and Critical Facilities

  • K. Pitilakis
  • H. Crowley
  • A.M. Kaynia

Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 27)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Kyriazis Pitilakis, Helen Crowley, Amir M. Kaynia
    Pages 1-28
  3. Paolo Emilio Pinto
    Pages 29-45
  4. Tiziana Rossetto, Dina D’Ayala, Ioanna Ioannou, Abdelghani Meslem
    Pages 47-93
  5. Helen Crowley, Miriam Colombi, Vitor Silva
    Pages 95-109
  6. Sergio Lagomarsino, Serena Cattari
    Pages 111-156
  7. Francesco Cavalieri, Paolo Franchin, Paolo Emilio Pinto
    Pages 157-185
  8. Pierre Gehl, Nicolas Desramaut, Arnaud Réveillère, Hormoz Modaressi
    Pages 187-220
  9. Kalliopi Kakderi, Sotiris Argyroudis
    Pages 221-258
  10. Georgios Tsionis, Michael N. Fardis
    Pages 259-297
  11. Sotiris Argyroudis, Amir M. Kaynia
    Pages 299-326
  12. Kalliopi Kakderi, Kyriazis Pitilakis
    Pages 327-356
  13. Alessio Lupoi, Francesco Cavalieri, Paolo Franchin
    Pages 357-384
  14. Vitor Silva, Helen Crowley, Miriam Colombi
    Pages 385-402
  15. Kyriazis Pitilakis, Helen Crowley
    Pages 403-413
  16. Back Matter
    Pages 415-420

About this book


Fragility functions constitute an emerging tool for the probabilistic seismic risk assessment of buildings, infrastructures and lifeline systems. The work presented in this book is a partial product of a European Union funded research project SYNER-G (FP7 Theme 6: Environment) where existing knowledge has been reviewed in order to extract the most appropriate fragility functions for the vulnerability analysis and loss estimation of the majority of structures and civil works exposed to earthquake hazard. Results of other relevant European projects and international initiatives are also incorporated in the book. In several cases new fragility and vulnerability functions have been developed in order to better represent the specific characteristics of European elements at risk. Several European and non-European institutes and Universities collaborated efficiently to capitalize upon existing knowledge. State-of-the-art methods are described, existing fragility curves are reviewed and, where necessary, new ones are proposed for buildings, lifelines, transportation infrastructures as well as for utilities and critical facilities. Taxonomy and typology definitions are synthesized and the treatment of related uncertainties is discussed.

A fragility function manager tool and fragility functions in electronic form are provided on


The book aims to be a standard reference on the fragility functions to be used for the seismic vulnerability and probabilistic risk assessment of the most important elements at risk. It is of particular interest to earthquake engineers, scientists and researchers working in the field of earthquake risk assessment, as well as the insurance industry, civil protection and emergency management agencies.


Buildings Fragility Curves Lifelines Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Uncertainties

Editors and affiliations

  • K. Pitilakis
    • 1
  • H. Crowley
    • 2
  • A.M. Kaynia
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringAristotle UniversityThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering (EUCENTRE)PaviaItaly
  3. 3.Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI)OsloNorway

Bibliographic information

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