Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Joachim von Braun, Franz W. Gatzweiler
    Pages 1-23 Open Access
  3. Concepts and Theory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 25-25
    2. Franz W. Gatzweiler, Heike Baumüller
      Pages 27-40 Open Access
    3. Daniel Callo-Concha, Jan Henning Sommer, Janina Kleemann, Franz W. Gatzweiler, Manfred Denich
      Pages 57-65 Open Access
  4. Dimensions and Prevalence of Marginality

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 67-67
    2. Valerie Graw, Christine Husmann
      Pages 69-83 Open Access
    3. Akhter U. Ahmed, Ruth Vargas Hill, Farria Naeem
      Pages 85-99 Open Access
    4. Nusha Yamina Choudhury, Christa Räder
      Pages 101-115 Open Access
    5. Degnet Abebaw, Assefa Admassie
      Pages 117-131 Open Access
  5. Environmental Drivers of Marginality

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 149-149
    2. Prabhu Pingali, Kate Schneider, Monika Zurek
      Pages 151-168 Open Access
    3. Nicolas Gerber, Ephraim Nkonya, Joachim von Braun
      Pages 181-202 Open Access
  6. Experiencing Marginality in Africa and Asia

  7. Responses to Marginality at Different Levels: State, Business, and Community

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 301-301
    2. David Hulme, Joseph Hanlon, Joseph Hanlon, Armando Barrientos
      Pages 315-329 Open Access
    3. Heike Baumüller, Christine Husmann, Joachim von Braun
      Pages 331-351 Open Access
    4. Tadesse Woldemariam Gole, Fite Getaneh Ilfata, Motuma Tafa, Aleka Aregachew
      Pages 365-381 Open Access
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 383-389

About this book


This volume presents new insights on marginality, i.e. the situation of people living on the edge of socio-economic and ecological systems. The marginality concept leads to different development policies. While the prevalence of poverty declined by about 50 percent in the past two decades, any further reduction of poverty will be more difficult, because of high diversity of extremely poor people, and complex interrelations between poverty, exclusion and ecology. The marginality concept provides guidance to address this issue. Marginality entails addressing the structural forces of poverty, such as exclusion, discrimination and ecological degradations which lead to vulnerability of the poor. In this volume economists, ecology experts, geographers, agronomists, sociologist, and business experts come together to address marginality. The inter-disciplinary research offers conceptual innovations and presents the dimensions of marginality in developing countries. Economic, political, and environmental drivers are assessed and mapped globally and in detail for countries in Africa and Asia, especially Ethiopia, India, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia. Economic growth especially in rural areas remains and farming communities is central to poverty reduction but needs to be complemented with specific actions to reach those at the margins. The social policy actions and measures to end exclusions are highlighted, and the roles of the state, local government, business and community in them are pointed out for overcoming marginality.


Developing countries Development Environmental changes Marginalization Poverty

Editors and affiliations

  • Joachim von Braun
    • 1
  • Franz W. Gatzweiler
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Development ResearchUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2.Center for Development ResearchUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

Bibliographic information

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