Germany's New Security Demographics

Military Recruitment in the Era of Population Aging

  • Wenke Apt

Part of the Demographic Research Monographs book series (DEMOGRAPHIC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Wenke Apt
    Pages 1-13
  3. Wenke Apt
    Pages 15-29
  4. Wenke Apt
    Pages 31-53
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 193-217

About this book


Military recruitment will become more difficult in times of demographic aging. The question arises whether demographic change will constrain the capacity of aging states like Germany to conduct foreign policy and pursue their national security interests. Since contemporary military operations still display a strong human element, particular scrutiny is given to the empirical analysis of the determinants of military propensity and military service among youth.


An additional human capital projection until 2030 illustrates how the decline in the youth population will interact with trends in educational attainment and adolescent health to further complicate military recruitment in the future. A concluding review of recruiting practices in other NATO countries provides insight in best-practice policy options to reduce the military’s sensitivity to demographic change.


Following this approach, the book gives prominence to a topic that has thus far been under-represented in the greater discussion of demographic change today, namely the demographic impact on international affairs and strategic calculations.


Changes in population age structure Constrain of military recruitment Demographic variable in foreign policy Demographic view on security Ethnocultural diversity Germany's military capacity Human factors in the modern battlefield Impact of demographic change in military recruitment Increasing military manpower recruitment Manpower demand of the Bundeswehr Military environment Military missions and roles Military organization Military propensity and military service Military recruitment target population Mortality and fertility Selectivity of manpower demand and supply Sensitivity to demographic change

Authors and affiliations

  • Wenke Apt
    • 1
  1. 1.VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbHBerlinGermany

Bibliographic information

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