© 2013

Phenology: An Integrative Environmental Science

  • Mark D. Schwartz


  • Comprehensive topics, designed to nurture and serve the dynamic international and interdisciplinary phenological research community

  • The Editor is co-founder of the USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN)

  • Includes chapters that outline the history of data collection and network development in each region


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Mark D. Schwartz
    Pages 1-5
  3. Phenological Data, Networks, and Research

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Xiaoqiu Chen
      Pages 9-22
    3. Marie R. Keatley, Lynda E. Chambers, Rebecca Phillips
      Pages 23-52
    4. Annette Menzel
      Pages 53-65
    5. Mark D. Schwartz, Elisabeth G. Beaubien, Theresa M. Crimmins, Jake F. Weltzin
      Pages 67-89
    6. L. Patrícia C. Morellato, Maria Gabriela G. Camargo, Eliana Gressler
      Pages 91-113
    7. Lynda E. Chambers, Marie R. Keatley, Eric J. Woehler, Dana M. Bergstrom
      Pages 115-135
    8. Frank-M. Chmielewski, Stefan Heider, Susanne Moryson, Ekko Bruns
      Pages 137-153
  4. Phenologies of Selected Bioclimatic Zones

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 155-155
    2. Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa, Margaret E. Kalacska, Mauricio Quesada, Kathryn E. Stoner, Jorge A. Lobo, Pablo Arroyo-Mora
      Pages 157-171
    3. Donatella Spano, Richard L. Snyder, Carla Cesaraccio
      Pages 173-196
    4. Geoffrey M. Henebry
      Pages 197-210
    5. Jonathan M. Hanes, Andrew D. Richardson, Stephen Klosterman
      Pages 211-224
    6. Frans E. Wielgolaski, David W. Inouye
      Pages 225-247
    7. David W. Inouye, Frans E. Wielgolaski
      Pages 249-272
  5. Phenological Models and Techniques

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 273-273
    2. Isabelle Chuine, Iñaki Garcia de Cortazar-Atauri, Koen Kramer, Heikki Hänninen
      Pages 275-293
    3. Jacques Régnière, James A. Powell
      Pages 295-316

About this book


Phenology refers to recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, such as leafing and flowering, maturation of agricultural plants, emergence of insects, and migration of birds. It is also the study of these recurring events, especially their timing and relationships with weather and climate. Phenological phenomena all give a ready measure of the environment as viewed by the associated organism, and are thus ideal indicators of the impact of local and global changes in weather and climate on the earth’s biosphere.

Assessing our changing world is a complex task that requires close cooperation from experts in biology, climatology, ecology, geography, oceanography, remote sensing, and other areas. Like its predecessor, this second edition of Phenology is a synthesis of current phenological knowledge, designed as a primer on the field for global change and general scientists, students, and interested members of the public. With updated and new contributions from over fifty phenological experts, covering data collection, current research, methods, and applications, it demonstrates the accomplishments, progress over the last decade, and future potential of phenology as an integrative environmental science.


Biomes and anthromes Carbon dioxide exchange Global change research Remote sensing systems and applications Terrestrial biospheric processes

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark D. Schwartz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA

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