© 2013

Performance of Cement-Based Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments

State-of-the-Art Report, RILEM TC 211 - PAE

  • Mark Alexander
  • Alexandra Bertron
  • Nele De Belie

Part of the RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports book series (RILEM State Art Reports, volume 10)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Mechanisms of Degradation of Cementitious Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Alexandra Bertron
      Pages 3-6
    3. Esperanza Menéndez, Thomas Matschei, Fredrik P. Glasser
      Pages 7-74
    4. Gilles Escadeillas
      Pages 113-130
  3. Modeling Degradation of Cementitious Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 175-175
    2. Patrick Le Bescop, Barbara Lothenbach, Eric Samson, Kenneth A. Snyder
      Pages 177-218
  4. Methods for Testing Concrete Degradation in Aggressive Aqueous Environments

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 219-219
    2. Nele De Belie
      Pages 221-234
    3. Kim Van Tittelboom, Nele De Belie, R. Doug Hooton
      Pages 251-288
    4. Mark G. Alexander, Nele De Belie
      Pages 289-303
    5. Qiang Yuan, Manu Santhanam
      Pages 319-343
    6. Manu Santhanam
      Pages 345-354
  5. Cementitious Materials Performance in Aggressive Aqueous Environments – Engineering Perspectives

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 389-389

About this book


Concrete and cement-based materials must operate in increasingly aggressive aqueous environments, which may be either natural or industrial.  These materials may suffer degradation in which ion addition and/or ion exchange reactions occur, leading to a breakdown of the matrix microstructure and consequent weakening.  Sometimes this degradation can be extremely rapid and serious such as in acidic environments, while in other cases degradation occurs over long periods.  Consequences of material failure are usually severe – adversely affecting the health and well-being of human communities and disturbing ecological balances. There are also large direct costs of maintaining and replacing deteriorated infrastructure and indirect costs from loss of production during maintenance work, which place a great burden on society.

The focus of this book is on addressing issues concerning performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments , by way of this State-of-the-Art Report. The book represents the work of many well-known and respected authors who contributed chapters or parts of chapters. Four main themes were addressed: I. Nature and kinetics of degradation and deterioration mechanisms of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments, II. Modelling of deterioration in such environments, III. Test methods to assess performance of cement-based materials in such environments, and which can be used to characterise and rate relative performance and inform long term predictions, IV. Engineering implications and consequences of deterioration in aggressive aqueous environments, and engineering approaches to the problem.


ACI Materials Journal Cement & Concrete Composites Cement & Concrete Research Magazine of Concrete Research Materials & Structures

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark Alexander
    • 1
  • Alexandra Bertron
    • 2
  • Nele De Belie
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of Cape TownRondeboschSouth Africa
  2. 2.LMDCINSA/UPS Génie CivilToulouse Cedex 4France
  3. 3.Department of Structural EngineeringGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Oil, Gas & Geosciences