This book, written for pulmonary and family doctors, general practitioners, allergologists, and neuropsychologists, presents cutting-edge clinical research and therapy-oriented knowledge in the field of respiratory medicine. Clinical knowledge is undergoing dramatic improvement. Respiration is one such prominent field. A better understanding of the pathogenesis of respiratory ailments and the regulation of lung ventilation is essential for advances in pharmacotherapy and the patient’s quality of life. The book discusses a wide scope of topics, notably, innovations in detection and management of chronic inflammatory conditions such as COPD or asthma, acute infections of the respiratory tract, airway allergies and hyper-responsiveness, lung cancer, interstitial lung diseases, pulmonary function in health, disease and aging, sleep disordered breathing, interaction between the respiratory system and other bodily functions, and psychosomatic aspects of disease. After all, respiration is generated and integrated by the brain; therefore brain function is influential in respiratory regulation. The book is a platform that fosters the exchange of new clinical data between clinicians and academic neuroscientists, bringing a unique blend of medical diagnosis and practice to the leadership in respiratory medicine.