© 2012

Swarming Landscapes

The Art of Designing For Climate Adaptation

  • Rob Roggema
  • One of very few books on design for climate adaptation

  • An essential analysis of planning systems in genuine need of reform

  • Features practical examples of ‘swarm’ planning

  • Includes a wealth of color illustrations


Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 48)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Rob Roggema
    Pages 25-42
  3. Wim Timmermans, Francisco Ónega López, Rob Roggema
    Pages 43-65
  4. Rob Roggema, Tim Vermeend, Wim Timmermans
    Pages 67-90
  5. Rob Roggema, Sven Stremke
    Pages 91-116
  6. Rob Roggema
    Pages 117-139
  7. Rob Roggema
    Pages 141-166
  8. Rob Roggema
    Pages 167-193
  9. Andy van den Dobbelsteen, Greg Keeffe, Nico Tillie, Rob Roggema
    Pages 195-206
  10. Rob Roggema
    Pages 207-257
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 259-266

About this book


This book advocates a fresh approach to planning that anticipates, rather than reacts to, the changes in climate currently in process. Today’s spatial planning procedures rely on historical evidence instead of preparing for factors that by definition lie in the future, yet which are relatively uncontroversial: shortages of water, sea level rise and rises in average temperatures being but three examples. Arguing for more flexibility, the contributors view ‘complexity’ as the key to transforming the way we plan in order to better equip us to face uncertainties about our future environment. With chapters on complexity, network theory and transformation featuring prominently, contributors show how anticipatory planning protocols give us the capability to deal with sudden changes, in the same way that a swarm of bees adapts collectively to shifting environmental imperatives. The new approach is thus called ‘swarm planning’, and in addition to delineating this new theory, this volume provides many examples from the Netherlands and elsewhere that illustrate its practical application.


adaptation complexity climate adaptation landscape complexity landscape design landscape transformation

Editors and affiliations

  • Rob Roggema
    • 1
  1. 1.Maribyrning, VIC, AustraliaMaribyrningAustralia

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Oil, Gas & Geosciences