Contractual Communities in the Self-Organising City

Freedom, Creativity, Subsidiarity

  • Grazia Brunetta
  • Stefano Moroni

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Characteristics and Functions of Contractual Communities

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Grazia Brunetta, Stefano Moroni
      Pages 3-13
  3. The Role of Contractual Communities

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Grazia Brunetta, Stefano Moroni
      Pages 29-43
  4. Precursors to the Idea of Contractual Communities

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 63-63
    2. Grazia Brunetta, Stefano Moroni
      Pages 65-74
    3. Grazia Brunetta, Stefano Moroni
      Pages 75-82
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 83-88

About this book


Both “land-use regulation” and “territorial collective services” have traditionally been accomplished in cities through coercive efforts of public administrations. Recently, land-use regulation and collective service provision regimes have emerged within “contractual communities:” territory-based organisations (usually, but not exclusively residential) such as homeowners’ associations.

This book examines the problems and opportunities of contractual communities, avoiding both the alarmism and unwarranted apologies found in much of the literature on contractual communities.

The central notion is that cases in which coercive action by a public agency was deemed indispensable have been unjustly overstated, while the potential benefits of voluntary self-organising processes have been seriously understated. The authors propose a revised notion of the state role that allows ample leeway for contractual communities of all forms.


Contractual communities Ebenezer Howard Gated communities Land use Multi-tenants entrepreneur communities Private law Spencer Heath Subsidiarity Urban aggregation

Authors and affiliations

  • Grazia Brunetta
    • 1
  • Stefano Moroni
    • 2
  1. 1., Dipartimento Intrerateneo TerritorioPolitecnico di TorinoTorinoItaly
  2. 2., Dipartimento di Architettura e PainificaMilan PolytechnicMilanoItaly

Bibliographic information

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