Drinking Water Treatment

Focusing on Appropriate Technology and Sustainability

  • Chittaranjan Ray
  • Ravi Jain

Part of the Strategies for Sustainability book series (STSU)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-1
  2. Chittaranjan Ray, Ravi Jain
    Pages 1-8
  3. Chittaranjan Ray, Ravi Jain
    Pages 9-36
  4. Ed Pejack
    Pages 37-54
  5. Kishore Rajagopalan
    Pages 55-91
  6. Chittaranjan Ray, Jay Jasperse, Thomas Grischek
    Pages 93-158
  7. Rahul Dev, Gopal Nath Tiwari
    Pages 159-210
  8. Ravi Jain
    Pages 211-230
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 231-231

About this book


Sustainable technologies for water supply are urgently needed if water has to be supplied to billions of less fortunate people with inadequate access to water. These technologies must be simple, less expensive, less energy intensive, and easy to maintain for their adaptation among the poor masses.


Four appropriate technologies are discussed here: solar pasteurization, membrane desalination, natural filtration (riverbank filtration), and solar distillation. Solar pasteurization can be a useful means of producing water at remote, but sunny locations where fuel may not be easily available for boiling water. Membrane desalination will remain as a viable means of drinking water production for individual households to large communities. Various membrane filtration techniques as well as the means to “democratize” membrane filtration have been presented. Riverbank filtration is a “natural” filtration technique where drinking water is produced by placing wells on the banks of rivers. The riverbed/bank material and the underlying aquifer act as natural filters to remove pollutants from river water. Solar distillation can be a viable method of drinking water production for individual households to small communities without the input of external energy. Sustainability framework and technology transfer are discussed through transdisciplinary analysis.


Membrane Filtration Natural Filtration Solar Destillation Solar Pasteurization Water Supply

Editors and affiliations

  • Chittaranjan Ray
    • 1
  • Ravi Jain
    • 2
  2. 2.School of Engineering &, Computer ScienceUniversity of the PacificStocktonUSA

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Chemical Manufacturing
Consumer Packaged Goods
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Oil, Gas & Geosciences