© 2012

Human ICT Implants: Technical, Legal and Ethical Considerations

  • Mark N. Gasson
  • Eleni Kosta
  • Diana M. Bowman

Part of the Information Technology and Law Series book series (ITLS, volume 23)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Mark N. Gasson, Eleni Kosta, Diana M. Bowman
    Pages 1-8
  3. Human ICT Implants: From Restoration to Enhancement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Pawel Rotter, Barbara Daskala, Ramon Compañó, Bernhard Anrig, Claude Fuhrer
      Pages 29-39
    3. Ryszard Tadeusiewicz, Pawel Rotter, Mark N. Gasson
      Pages 41-51
  4. Technical Challenges of Human ICT Implants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 53-53
    2. Pawel Rotter, Barbara Daskala, Ramon Compañó
      Pages 55-62
    3. Pawel Rotter, Mark N. Gasson
      Pages 63-66
  5. A Social, Ethical and Legal Analysis of Human ICT Implants

  6. Back Matter
    Pages 181-184

About this book


With a Foreword by Professor Rafael Capurro, International Centre for Information Ethics (ICIE); Distinguished Researcher in Information Ethics, School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA

 Considered by many to be science fiction, information and communication technology (ICT) has been implanted into the human body for years. Medical human ICT implants such as cochlear implants are in common use, forming intimate links between technology and body. Such restorative devices are increasingly advanced, with some directly interacting with the brain and others near outperforming their natural counterpart.

 Recently, low-tech human ICT implants have been increasingly employed in non-therapeutic contexts. Applications include VIP nightclub entry, automated payments and controlling secure access. With self-experimenters pushing boundaries and medical technology drift to non-medical application, this is clearly just the beginning. Opportunities for human enhancement through ICT implants have become very real.

 Despite stakeholders calling for greater legal certainty, gaps have already emerged between the commercial reality of human ICT implants and the legal frameworks used to regulate them. It is not surprising that increasing commercialisation and growing potential has generated debate over the ethical, legal and social aspects of the technology, its products and application. And its trajectory.

 The contributors to this book, all leaders in their respective fields, not only focus on the latest technological developments, but also the legal, social and ethical implications of the use and further application of these technologies.



Ethics Implants Information and communication technology (ICT) Law Privacy

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark N. Gasson
    • 1
  • Eleni Kosta
    • 2
  • Diana M. Bowman
    • 3
  1. 1., School of Systems EngineeringUniversity of ReadingEarley, ReadingUnited Kingdom
  2. 2., ICRIKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  3. 3., Risk Science CentreUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

About the editors

Mark N. Gasson is a Visiting Research Fellow at the School of Systems Engineering, University of Reading, UK. Eleni Kosta is a Senior Legal Researcher in the Interdisciplinary Centre for Law & ICT (ICRI), Faculty of Law, KU Leuven, Belgium. Diana M. Bowman is an Assistant Professor in the Risk Science Centre and the Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, USA and a Visiting Fellow in the Faculty of Law, KU Leuven, Belgium.

Bibliographic information