© 2011

C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms

  • Agepati S. Raghavendra
  • Rowan F. Sage


  • First to review advances in C4 photosynthesis

  • Chapters written by experts internationally acclaimed for their contributions to C4 plant biology

  • Advanced level textbook


Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 32)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvii
  2. Tributes & Introduction

  3. New Physiological and Developmental Perspectives

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Gerald E. Edwards, Elena V. Voznesenskaya
      Pages 29-61
    3. Oula Ghannoum, John R. Evans, Susanne von Caemmerer
      Pages 129-146
    4. Rowan F. Sage, Ferit Kocacinar, David S. Kubien
      Pages 161-195
  4. Molecular Basis of C4 Pathway

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 197-197
    2. Andrea Bräutigam, Andreas P. M. Weber
      Pages 199-219
    3. James O. Berry, Minesh Patel, Amy Zielinski
      Pages 221-256
    4. Udo Gowik, Peter Westhoff
      Pages 257-275
  5. Diversity and Evolution

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 317-317

About this book


The C4 pathway of photosynthesis was discovered and characterized, more than four decades ago. Interest in C4 pathway has been sustained and has recently been boosted with the discovery of single-cell C4 photosynthesis and the successful introduction of key C4-cycle enzymes in important crops, such as rice. Further, cold-tolerant C4 plants are at the verge of intense exploitation as energy crops. Rapid and multidisciplinary progress in our understanding of C4 plants warrants a comprehensive documentation of the available literature. The book, which is a state-of-the-art overview of several basic and applied aspects of C4 plants, will not only provide a ready source of information but also triggers further research on C4 photosynthesis. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, it provides an authoritative source of progress made in our knowledge of C4 plants, with emphasis on physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, biogeography, evolution, besides bioengineering C4 rice and biofuels. The book is an advanced level textbook for postgraduate students and a reference book for researchers in the areas of plant biology, cell biology, biotechnology, agronomy, horticulture, ecology and evolution.

Editors and affiliations

  • Agepati S. Raghavendra
    • 1
  • Rowan F. Sage
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Life SciencesUniversity of HyderabadHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Dept. BotanyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Bibliographic information

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From the reviews:

“The book is edited by … two outstanding scientists in this area. It can be regarded as an update and successor of the influential book ‘C4 Plant Biology’ … that probably was bedtime reading for an entire generation of C4 researchers. This book has the potential to be equally successful. … chapters make the C4 world more easily accessible for beginners as they describe the work in a historical context. Moreover, they are inspiring for students … to start their own scientific career.” (Christoph Peterhänsel, Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 169, 2012)