Nucleation Theory

  • V.I. Kalikmanov

Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 860)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 1-4
  3. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 17-41
  4. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 43-53
  5. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 55-70
  6. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 79-112
  7. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 113-144
  8. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 145-159
  9. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 161-169
  10. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 171-203
  11. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 205-213
  12. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 215-237
  13. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 239-251
  14. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 253-276
  15. V. I. Kalikmanov
    Pages 277-291
  16. Back Matter
    Pages 293-316

About this book


This monograph covers the major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomena––phenomenological models, semi-phenomenological theories, density functional theories and microscopic approaches––with emphasis on the formation of liquid droplets from a metastable vapor. It also illustrates the application of these various approaches to experimentally relevant problems.                                      


In spite of familiarity with the involved phenomena, it is still not possible to accurately calculate nucleation rate, as the properties of the daughter phase are insufficiently known.

Existing theories based upon the classical nucleation theory have on the whole explained the trends in behavior correctly. However, they often fail spectacularly to account for new data, in particular in the case of binary or, more generally, multi-component nucleation. This book challenges such classical models and provides a more satisfactory description by using density functional theory and microscopic computer simulations to describe the properties of small clusters. Also, semi-phenomenological models are proposed that relate the properties of small clusters to known properties of the bulk phases.


This monograph is an introduction as well as a compendium to researchers in the areas of  soft condensed matter physics, chemical physics, graduate and post-graduate students in physics and chemistry starting on research in the area of nucleation, and to experimentalists wishing to gain a better understanding of the recent developments being made to account for their data.


binary nucleation chemical physics density functional theory formation of liquid droplets macroscopic approach of nucleation metastable vapor microscopic approach microscopic approach of nucleation microscopic computer simulation molecular dynamics simulation of nucleation multi-component nucleation multi-component nucleation model non-equilibrium phenomena nucleation nucleation theory phase transition phase transitions phenomenological model semi-microscopic approach semi-phenomenological theory single component nucleation model soft condensed matter physics theoretical approach nucleation theory nucleation phenomena

Authors and affiliations

  • V.I. Kalikmanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Twister Supersonic Gas Solutions BVRijswijkNetherlands

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