© 2010

Karst Environments

Karren Formation in High Mountains


  • Describes the processes of high mountain karstification

  • Investigates changes in vegetation and soil erosion

  • Discusses the impacts of global change, such as the shift in karst formation and the transformation of karst features


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Márton Veress
    Pages 1-9
  3. Márton Veress
    Pages 11-24
  4. Márton Veress
    Pages 37-152
  5. Márton Veress
    Pages 153-161
  6. Márton Veress
    Pages 163-177
  7. Márton Veress
    Pages 179-213
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 215-230

About this book


With a focus on karren formation in high mountains, and specifically in the European Alps, this text summarizes the scientific results of systematic observations made during field trips, as well as the interpretation, using modern analytical methods, of the data collected. Márton Veress, who has been working in different types of karren landscapes for more than fifteen years, presents the conditions and processes of high mountain karren formation as well as the properties of karren features. The book analyzes karren phenomena, their development, and their formation under different environmental conditions.

Introductory chapters provide an overview of karren formations, in addition to charting the history of research into karst environments at high altitude. The author then provides details of the sampling sites and the localities he has studied, and experimental procedures undertaken. After covering the details of the age and rate of karren form development, Veress gives an in-depth explanation of the general characteristics of high mountain karren formations. The text then provides an overview of morphogenetic types of karren formations as well as karren assemblages, and an explanation of karren belts on slopes, emphasizing the key reconstruction role they play in slope development. The final chapters describe coalescing types and their origin, offer the reader a detailed description of karren cells and their characteristic features, and analyze the relationship between different karren formations.

Key themes: karst formation - karst assemblages - coalescence - pollutants - soil erosion - zonation - high mountains

Professor Márton Veress is Head of the Institute of Geography and Environmental Sciences, the University of West Hungary, Szombathely. He is a member of the Board of the Hungarian Karst and Cave Research Association, a member of the Board of the Hungarian Geographical Association, and Secretary of the Gemorphological sub-Board of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.


Erosion Vegetation coalescence environment high mountains karst assemblages karst formation pollutants soil erosion zonation

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. Physical GeographyUniversity of West HungarySzombathelyHungary

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Oil, Gas & Geosciences


From the reviews:

“The volume is a summary of observations during 15 years of field trips to the European Alps and results and interpretation of the data collected. … Explanations are clear and well-written. The numerous illustrations and colored plates add greater understanding of the topics discussed. … an excellent guide for professionals, researchers, graduate students and university professors. … serve as a future reference for studies in this type of karst. It also provides very detailed information and many research method examples which are easy to follow.”­­­ (Natascha Wahlberg Macías, Carbonates and Evaporites, Vol. 25, July, 2010)