The Ganga

Water Use in the Indian Subcontinent

  • Pranab Kumar Parua

Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 64)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxviii
  2. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 1-4
  3. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 5-14
  4. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 15-21
  5. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 23-34
  6. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 35-59
  7. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 61-77
  8. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 79-106
  9. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 107-131
  10. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 133-147
  11. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 149-219
  12. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 221-229
  13. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 231-245
  14. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 247-265
  15. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 267-282
  16. Pranab Kumar Parua
    Pages 283-326
  17. Back Matter
    Pages 327-391

About this book


The geo-hydro-morphometry of the river Ganges has a history of long and wide variations as the river is continuously fed by the high Himalayas hill ranges, the highest in the world. The river is categorized as an international one, passing through several independent countries.
The major flow of the river used to flow through the branch river, Bhagirathi-Hooghly on the banks of which both the city and port of Calcutta (now renamed as Kolkata) are situated. However, due to massive tectonic and morphological changes, the flow through the branch river has gradually decreased resulting in enormous damages to the port and the city. After more than a century long of investigations on the probable causes of deterioration and its remedies, a barrage across the river had been constructed near a place, called Farakka in the Murshidabad district of West Bengal, India for diversion of a part of lean season flow (40,000 cu secs) from the parent river to the branch river for the resuscitation of the branch river and revitalization of the port of Calcutta.
The turmoil started since the construction of barrage between 1965-1975 and the major neighbouring countries, India and Bangladesh, were locked with the dispute over the sharing of water of the parent river. After several rounds of discussions at different levels between the two countries, short-term agreements were signed two times, one in 1977 and the other in 1985, and finally one long term Treaty was signed in 1996 between the two countries in an atmosphere of peaceful co-existence.

Audience: The book will be of interest to researchers and scientists, professionals and policymakers in water resources management and environmental science, conservation policy and development research.




Farakka Barrage Ganges River basin management Treaty hydrology

Authors and affiliations

  • Pranab Kumar Parua
    • 1
  1. 1.KolkataIndia

Bibliographic information

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