© 2010

The Unknown Technology in Homer


  • Numerical and experimental studies on several issues based on realistic assumptions, rendering surprising results, since they confirm further Homeric descriptions most accurately


Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 9)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 3-11
    3. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 13-24
    4. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 25-31
    5. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 33-40
    6. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 41-48
    7. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 49-55
    8. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 57-60
    9. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 61-64
  3. Principles of Natural Science

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 66-66
    2. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 77-79
  4. Automation and Artificial Intelligence

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 94-94
    2. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 95-105
    3. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 107-111
    4. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 113-118
  5. Defensive Weapons in the Epics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 120-120
    2. S. A. Paipetis
      Pages 121-134

About this book


The astonishing accounts of almost modern technological achievements found in the Homeric Epics constitute one of the so-called Homeric Issues. The question is whether such achievements existed in reality or whether they were just poetic conceptions. Both views have their followers and adversaries. For example, robots, either in human form, as the golden girls serving Hephaestus, or in animal form, as the gold and silver mastiffs of King Alcinous, or even the intelligent, self-propelled ships of the Phaeacins, could hardly have existed in an era for which no evidence or even hints of prime movers exist. Even so, such references prove that the Mycenaean people were well aware of the importance of such devices, and this certainly acts as a catalyst for technological progress. On the othe hand, besides the unparallelled building ability of the Mycenaeans, as is the case with the Cyclopean Walls, technology specialists may locate examples of structures so advanced, that they can be considered modern with regard to materials, design and manufacture. Still, these can be well within the possibilities of the era. In fact, one can reasonably state, that, if the Mycenaean Civilisation had not collapsed, the world history of technology would be totally different. From the contents of the present book, a general conclusion can be drawn. The Homeric Epics include scientific and technological knowledge so vast and so diverse that it must be studied by specialists from as many disciplines as possible and also that this search must continue along with progressing science in our time, which will allow for increasingly deeper understanding of the great achievements of Greek Prehistory.

Indexed in the Book Citation Index– Science (BKCI-S)


Hesiod Homer Mycenaean era Troja ancient Greek technology automation historical machines

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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