Risk Management of Water Supply and Sanitation Systems

  • Petr Hlavinek
  • Cvetanka Popovska
  • Jiri Marsalek
  • Ivana Mahrikova
  • Tamara Kukharchyk

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Vulnerability of Wastewater and Sanitations Systems

    1. Dejan Ljubisavljevic, Anja Randjelovic
      Pages 13-25
    2. Roumen Arsov, Tanya Igneva-Danova
      Pages 27-36
    3. Daniel Moran
      Pages 47-53
    4. Borys Kornilovych, Larysa Spasonova, Oleksandr Makovetskyy, Victoria Tobilko
      Pages 55-64
    5. Karel Kříž, Vojtğch Bareš, Jaroslav Pollert Jr, David Stránský, Jaroslav Pollert
      Pages 65-72
  3. Vulnerability of Drinking Water Systems

  4. Emergency Response Plans

About these proceedings

Introduction

Each year more than 200 million people are affected by floods, tropical storms, droughts, earthquakes, and also operational failures, wars, terrorism, vandalism, and accidents involving hazardous materials. These are part of the wide variety of events that cause death, injury, and significant economic losses for the countries affected.

In an environment where natural hazards are present, local actions are decisive in all stages of risk management: in the work of prevention and mitigation, in rehabilitation and reconstruction, and above all in emergency response and the provision of basic services to the affected population. Commitment to systematic vulnerability reduction is crucial to ensure the resilience of communities and populations to the impact of natural and manmade hazards.

Current challenges for the water and sanitation sector require an increase in sustainable access to water and sanitation services in residential areas, where natural hazards pose the greatest risk. In settlements located on unstable and risk-prone land there is growing environmental degradation coupled with extreme conditions of poverty that increase vulnerability. The development of local capacity and risk management play vital roles in obtaining sustainability of water and sanitation systems as well as for the communities themselves.

Unfortunately water may also represent a potential target for terrorist activity or war conflict and a deliberate contamination of water is a potential public health threat. An approach which considers the needs of communities and institutions is particularly important in urban areas affected by armed conflict. Risk management for large rehabilitation projects has to deal with major changes caused by conflict: damaged or destroyed infrastructure, increased population, corrupt or inefficient water utilities, and impoverished communities.

Water supply and sanitation are amongst the first considerations in disaster response. The greatest water-borne risk to health in most emergencies is the transmission of faecal pathogens, due to inadequate sanitation, hygiene and protection of water sources. However, some disasters, including those involving damage to chemical and nuclear industrial installations, or involving volcanic activity, may create acute problems from chemical or radiological water pollution. Sanitation includes safe excreta disposal, drainage of wastewater and rainwater, solid waste disposal and vector control.

This book is based on the discussions and papers prepared for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop that took place in Ohrid, Macedonia under the auspices of the NATO Security Through Science Programme and addressed problems Risk management of water supply and sanitation systems impaired by operational failures, natural disasters and war conflicts.

The main purpose of the workshop was to critically assess the existing knowledge on Risk management of water supply and sanitation systems, with respect to diverse conditions in participating countries, and promote close co-operation among scientists with different professional experience from different countries.

The ARW technical program comprised papers on 4 topics, : (a) Vulnerability of Wastewater and Sanitation Systems, (b) Vulnerability of Drinking Water Systems, (c) Emergency response plans, and (d) Case studies from regions affected by Drinking Water System, Wastewater and Sanitation System failures.

Keywords

Environmental NATO PEACE Risk Management Sanitation Systems Science Security Sub-Series C Water Pollution Water Quality Monitoring Water Supply sustainability uncertainty

Editors and affiliations

  • Petr Hlavinek
    • 1
  • Cvetanka Popovska
    • 2
  • Jiri Marsalek
    • 3
  • Ivana Mahrikova
    • 4
  • Tamara Kukharchyk
    • 5
  1. 1.AQUAPROCON ltd.BrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Dept. of Hydrology and River EngineeringUniversity of Ss. Cyril and MethodiusSkopjeMacedonia
  3. 3.National Water Research InstituteBurlingtonCanada
  4. 4.Department of Environmental EngineeringSlovak University of TechnologyBratislavaSlovakia
  5. 5.Institute for Problems of Natural Resources Use ' Ecology of National Academy of BelarusMinskBelarus

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2365-0
  • Copyright Information Springer Netherlands 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-2364-3
  • Online ISBN 978-90-481-2365-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6519
  • About this book
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